black quarter


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Veterinary medicine An often lethal disease of young calves and sheep, characterised by a settling of gelatinous matter in the extremities and neck caused by Clostridium chauvoei, the spores of which can live in the soil for years and which are ingested and enter the blood via defects in the gastrointestinal mucosa

black quarter

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A total of 21 samples (emphysematous exudates and muscle piece) from cattle and buffalo suspected for black quarter were collected aseptically and subjected to bacterial isolation yielded 28 isolates including Clostridium chauvoei, Clostridum tertium and Clostridium sporogenes.
1995) were able to save 2 black quarter affected buffaloes with Penicillin and Oxytetracycline combination therapy.
The findings of the study indicate that PCR can be best employed for diagnosis of Black quarter using Ccta gene .
Also, characterization of Ccta gene of Clostridium is helpful in epidemiological studies and designing effective vaccine and protective immunity against Black quarter in Deoni cattle and Marathwadi buffaloes.
An active surveillance was conducted and epidemiology and economic losses of black quarter disease in cattle and buffaloes in District Dera Ismail Khan were estimated (Blood and Rodostits, 1989).
Economic losses (morbidity and mortility) due to black quarter disease in cattle and buffalo in D.
09% losses occurred due to mortality caused by black quarter in cattle and buffaloes.
Table 3: Economic losses due to black quarter in buffaloes