black plague

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Related to black plague: Black Death, bubonic plague

black death

term applied to the worldwide epidemic of the 14th-century, of which some 60 million people are thought to have died; descriptions indicate that it was bubonic, septocemic, and pneumonic plague.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

black plague

The black plague arrived with the Tartars in Sicily in late 1347, and reached Paris by the following winter; within 3–4 years of its debut, it had killed 25 million, 30% to 60% of Europe’s population at the time.  Yersinia pestis infection of mammalian hosts is attributed to suppression and avoidance of the host’s immune defences—e.g., phagocytosis and antibody production.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


(plag) [L., plaga, blow, injury]
1. Any widespread contagious disease associated with a high death rate.
2. An often fatal disease caused by Yersinia pestis. The natural hosts are ground squirrels, wild rodents, and rats; the vector is the rat flea. In the U.S., hunters, trappers, and campers may encounter infected mammals. Outbreaks are also associated with crowded living conditions and poor sanitation. Although plague was responsible for millions of deaths during the Middle Ages, improvements in sanitation, medical care, and the availability of antibiotics now prevent widespread epidemics. Plague is characterized by high fever, restlessness, confusion, prostration, delirium, shock, and coma. Streptomycin (the antibiotic of choice), gentamicin, tetracyclines, doxycycline, fluoroquinolones, and chloramphenicol are effective in treating plague. In the U.S., about 15 cases of plague are reported annually, primarily in western and southwestern regions. If treated promptly, plague is rarely fatal; however, in the U.S. about 1 in 7 people infected dies, usually because of delayed diagnosis or treatment.

ambulatory plague

A mild form of bubonic plague.

black plague


bubonic plague


hemorrhagic plague

A severe form of bubonic plague in which there is hemorrhage into the skin.

murine plague

A plague infecting rats.

pneumonic plague

A highly virulent form of plague spread from person to person by respiratory secretions. It occurs as a sequela of bubonic plague or as a primary infection.

septicemic plague

Severe bubonic plague; septicemia may precede the formation of buboes.

sylvatic plague

Bubonic plague that is endemic among wild rodents and their fleas.

white plague

An historical term for tuberculosis.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, someone in the IT department decided that "Death Kittens of the Black Plague" makes for totally righteous hold music.
According to Wired's Declan McCullagh, in one of these predictions, computer consultant Cory Hamasaki wrote that Y2K will be "bad enough, of course, to qualify as a disaster ranking with the Black Plague, if not the extinction of the dinosaurs." Another example archived by Wired comes from the book Time Bomb 2000 by widely cited authors Ed and Jennifer Yourdon.
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But being as this is peak oil we're talking about, the most powerful force since the Black Plague, you've got to ask yourself one question: Do I feel lucky?"
Supporters of the Ordinance, especially those from the grassroots, almost always followed up their rhetoric of "black peril" derived from racial theory and "black plague" derived from urban reformism with reflections on the black threat to property.
The "unearthly hue" of the ashy pale face contrasts with the overwhelmingly black paraphernalia, especially "his coal black steed" and his mourning dress, evocative of the "Black Death." This fantastic, apocalyptic figure amounts to a rhetorical condensation that combines the snow-white Clara and the black plague victim of the previous scene.
While we know the black plague killed millions in European cities in the middle-ages due to non-existent waste disposal, Melosi points out that it was not until the mid-nineteenth century that "experiments in England and the United States demonstrated that there was some relationship between communicable diseases and putrefying waste" (p.
The Black Plague, 1995, in which a waifish blonde with kohl-painted eyes holds a strawberry between her teeth, while in the distant darkness, the windows of a house no bigger than the fruit's crown blaze with a worrisome glow.
At the time of the Black Plague, no one understood "germ" theory or how disease was transmitted.
Pestilence is a novel of debauchery and religious excess set in the fourteenth century during the onset of the Black Plague. Religion is the common thread between two vying storylines as Salah Ibn al Khatib, a young Arab brought up in the cool hallways of Muslim academe, sets out across the Christian "infidel" countries of Europe to kill the king of France.