black gill disease

black gill disease

nonspecific term for dark gills in shrimp; causes include fouling of the water with sediments, Fusarium solani infection, cadmium poisoning and ciliate (apostome) infection.
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In penaeid shrimp, unidentified apostome ciliate cysts are associated with black gill disease in the Gulf of Mexico (Couch 1978, Overstreet 1978).
Histopathology of black gill disease caused by Fusarium solani (Martius) infection in the Kuruma prawn, Penaeus japonicus Bate.
Fusarium-moniliforme (sheldon) isolated from gills of kuruma prawn Penaeus-japonicus (bate) with black gill disease.