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Furthermore, study results suggest that persons residing in a city with greater mosquito-biting pressure, as measured by a vector index, were more likely to take preventive measures than persons in a community with less biting pressure. Future studies are warranted to understand the effects of human-environment interactions to derive the greatest benefit from community and personal efforts to reduce disease and death from WNV.
To fit properly, the mouth guard should spread the biting pressure evenly across the mouth.
Applying the above parameters for vector and human infection rates, we hypothesized that significant transmission occurs over a seven-month season, with a mean biting pressure (for people not protected from malaria vectors by other measures) of 40 bites per night.