birth injury


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birth trau·ma

(bĭrth traw'mă)
1. Physical injury to an infant during its delivery.
Synonym(s): birth injury.
2. The supposed emotional injury, inflicted by events incident to birth, on an infant which allegedly appears in symbolic form in patients with mental illness.

birth injury

An injury sustained during birth. Such an injury may be caused by the medical attendants (IATROGENIC injury) as a result of difficult delivery by forceps or vacuum extraction, or by attempts to turn the baby into a better position for delivery.
References in periodicals archive ?
The incidence of birth injury was statistically lowest for mothers aged 15-25 years (p=0.00,c2 test).
In terms of neonatal complications, this study indicated no statistical difference in the two groups as regards the preterm delivery, post term delivery, low birth weight, birth injury, congenital anomalies and neonatal deaths.
The birth injury fund "would avoid lawsuits where the problem could be solved another way.
This model includes minimizing technological interventions while identifying women who might need obstetrical attention; a model that has been shown to reduce the incidence of birth injury, trauma, and C-section.
Nassir caused the birth injury suffered by Hector, to a reasonable degree of medical probability.
In a study by Nasser et al the incidence of birth injury was reported 7.7% in newborns with a mean birth weight greater than 4500 gr.17
Indeed, it has been suggested by many authors that septal deformities in newborns are largely attributable to birth injury. As newborns are obligate nose breathers, nasal septal deviation can cause respiratory compromise.
Obstetric brachial plexus palsy: a birth injury not explained by the known risk factors.
There is also more likelihood of stillbirth, congenital malfor mations, birth injury, perinatal mortality and postnatal adaptation problems with babies born to diabetics.
But a variety of other reform initiatives have been added to the mix--some more concept than reality--including mediation efforts, special health courts and birth injury funds.
Ben Gent, who joins as a partner spent the last two years as head of personal injury at Sheffield firm Ashton Morton Slack and specialises in negligence and birth injury claims.