birth injury

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birth injury

trauma suffered by a baby while being born. Some kinds of birth injury are Bell's palsy, cerebral palsy, and Erb's palsy.

birth trau·ma

(bĭrth traw'mă)
1. Physical injury to an infant during its delivery.
Synonym(s): birth injury.
2. The supposed emotional injury, inflicted by events incident to birth, on an infant which allegedly appears in symbolic form in patients with mental illness.

birth injury

An injury sustained during birth. Such an injury may be caused by the medical attendants (IATROGENIC injury) as a result of difficult delivery by forceps or vacuum extraction, or by attempts to turn the baby into a better position for delivery.


a coming into being; the act or process of being born. See also parturition.

birth canal
the canal through which the fetus passes in birth; comprising the uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva.
birth cohort
see cohort.
birth control
a term rarely used in dealing with animals. Instead see population control, contraception.
birth defects
see congenital defects.
birth difficulties
birth injury
occurs to the fetus during birth. Includes rib fracture and meningeal hemorrhage.
birth interval
the interval between succeeding parturitions. See also calving interval.
multiple birth
the birth of two or more offspring produced in the same gestation period.
birth order
the chronological order of births in a multiple birth. May have significance in causing stillbirths if the intervals between births are prolonged because of inertia.
premature birth
expulsion of the fetus from the uterus before termination of the normal gestation period, but after independent existence has become a possibility. In humans prematurity is defined as a pregnancy of less than 37 weeks in a pregnancy normally lasting 40 weeks.
birth process
comprises maturation of the fetus, relaxation of the bony pelvis and associated ligaments, softening and relaxation of the cervix, vagina, vulva and perineum, correct disposition of the fetus, contractions of the uterine myometrium and finally the only component under voluntary control, contraction of the abdominal muscles.
birth rate
the number of births during one year for the total population (crude birth rate), for the female population (refined birth rate), or for the female population of reproductive age (true birth rate). Not a term much used with reference to animals. See calving, lambing rate.
birth size
stature, including height at withers, crown to tail head length at birth.
birth weight
the weight at birth. A significant determinant of survival in any species and of the occurrence of dystocia. See also prolonged gestation.
References in periodicals archive ?
There was no difference in the rate of birth injury between nulliparous and multiparous women, and there was no association between the type of HCP (doctor or midwife) performing the delivery.
Questions remain, however, about how effective birth injury funds are for physicians and whether they work to reduce litigation costs.
The birth of Kaiser William II (1859-1941) and his birth injury.
The Florida and Virginia birth injury programs differ somewhat in their specifics.
CPMs are specifically trained to provide out-of-hospital maternity care for healthy women experiencing normal pregnancies ans they offer a family-centred model of care, which is associated with reducing the incidence of caesarean section, birth injury and trauma, as well as significantly lowering the cost of maternity care.
There's a strong correlation between traumatic birth injury and subsequent development of ADHD.
The jury comes in with a preconceived notion that all CP is due to birth injury, and could have been avoided if a C-section was performed early enough.
Attorneys are even more in the dark about those squiggly lines on that long tape from the hospital named in a birth injury case.
Similar to birth injury funds, recovery schedules allow for predictability from both an employee and employer perspective.
Life-care plans can be used in a number of circumstances: when someone becomes catastrophically ill or injured, in personal injury eases, in cases of acquired birth injury such as cerebral palsy, and increasingly with elder care management when an older person has a serious illness.
And we must consider these miniscule risks in light of data indicating benefits of cesarean for the index pregnancy, including a similarly small but significant reduction in neonatal birth injury and infection, avoidance of potential damage of vaginal delivery to a woman's pelvic floor, and a range of other considerations for the woman and fetus.
My brother Manny had cerebral palsy, the result of a birth injury.