birth injury

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birth injury

trauma suffered by a baby while being born. Some kinds of birth injury are Bell's palsy, cerebral palsy, and Erb's palsy.

birth trau·ma

(bĭrth traw'mă)
1. Physical injury to an infant during its delivery.
Synonym(s): birth injury.
2. The supposed emotional injury, inflicted by events incident to birth, on an infant which allegedly appears in symbolic form in patients with mental illness.

birth injury

An injury sustained during birth. Such an injury may be caused by the medical attendants (IATROGENIC injury) as a result of difficult delivery by forceps or vacuum extraction, or by attempts to turn the baby into a better position for delivery.


a coming into being; the act or process of being born. See also parturition.

birth canal
the canal through which the fetus passes in birth; comprising the uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva.
birth cohort
see cohort.
birth control
a term rarely used in dealing with animals. Instead see population control, contraception.
birth defects
see congenital defects.
birth difficulties
birth injury
occurs to the fetus during birth. Includes rib fracture and meningeal hemorrhage.
birth interval
the interval between succeeding parturitions. See also calving interval.
multiple birth
the birth of two or more offspring produced in the same gestation period.
birth order
the chronological order of births in a multiple birth. May have significance in causing stillbirths if the intervals between births are prolonged because of inertia.
premature birth
expulsion of the fetus from the uterus before termination of the normal gestation period, but after independent existence has become a possibility. In humans prematurity is defined as a pregnancy of less than 37 weeks in a pregnancy normally lasting 40 weeks.
birth process
comprises maturation of the fetus, relaxation of the bony pelvis and associated ligaments, softening and relaxation of the cervix, vagina, vulva and perineum, correct disposition of the fetus, contractions of the uterine myometrium and finally the only component under voluntary control, contraction of the abdominal muscles.
birth rate
the number of births during one year for the total population (crude birth rate), for the female population (refined birth rate), or for the female population of reproductive age (true birth rate). Not a term much used with reference to animals. See calving, lambing rate.
birth size
stature, including height at withers, crown to tail head length at birth.
birth weight
the weight at birth. A significant determinant of survival in any species and of the occurrence of dystocia. See also prolonged gestation.
References in periodicals archive ?
It [also] provides a structured program that, in the event of a birth injury, the parents can have some assurance that the [infant] is going to be taken care of.
There are drawbacks to the birth injury programs, most notably that the injured patients lose their fight to a day in court, Siegal says.
Joy Owen, this year's winner of the "Caring For Life Scholarship," did not experience a birth injury himself but has instead been impacted by his sister Jaylin's diagnosis of cerebral palsy.
Shoulder function following partial spinal accessory nerve transfer for brachial plexus birth injury.
After a five-day hearing a judge ruled Liam's lump was a rare but harmless birth injury.
para]]Advocating for children and families who have faced a birth injury, Reiter & Walsh law firm has created a new $1,500 "Caring for Life" scholarship.
The primary outcomes were a birth weight above the 90th percentile, a primary cesarean section, neonatal hypoglycemia, and fetal hyperinsuline-mia; secondary outcomes were preterm birth, shoulder dystocia or a birth injury, the need for intensive neonatal care, hyperbilirubinemia, and preeclampsia.
Diagnostic performance of MRI and MR myelogram in infants with brachial plexus birth injury.
There was a lawyer in Nashville who was in the middle of negotiating a very severe birth injury case right before Calaway came out.
6 million agreed dam ages yesterday for the birth injury which left him severely brain damaged.
Sunderland-based Ben Hoare Bell's experienced team regularly obtains compensation for clients in a diverse mix of cases, from cerebral palsy as a result of birth injury to plastic surgery, cancer and GP negligence claims.
Even one birth injury creates significant emotional trauma and costs everyone involved.