Objective: The term of birth fracture (BF) is used to describe the skeletal fracture that newborns suffer during delivery and birth process.
Conclusion: Clavicle was the most common site of birth fracture, and many of these injuries occurred without a known risk factors.
KEY WORDS: Birth fracture, Newborn, Clavicle fracture, Difficult Delivery.
Based on our study, the overall prevalence rate of birth fracture and clavicle fracture was 1.96 and 1.4 per 1000 live births respectively that shows a similar or low frequency rate in comparison with most stud- ies reported in the literature.7,8 Clavicle was the most common site of BF, followed by humerus.
Incidence and associated risk factors of birth fractures in the newborns.
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence rate and associated risk factors of birth fractures among the live births at two referral general hospitals in Ahwaz city in Iran.
Clavicular fracture was the most common bone injury with an overall incidence of 3-42% among the skeletal birth fractures.9-11 Niropam et al found the rate of birth injuries in 6/1000 live births.12 In a study by Oppenhem the rate of clavicular fracture was noted in 2.7/1000 newborn.13 In another study by Hughes the most common birth injuries were skull trauma and clavicle fracture with a rate of 9.5/1000 live births.14 Fractures of femur and humerus are rare occurrence during delivery.