birth defect


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birth de·fect

defect present at birth; sometimes referred to as congenital defect or anomaly.

birth defect

n.
A physiological or structural abnormality that develops at or before birth and is present at the time of birth, especially as a result of faulty development, infection, heredity, or injury. Also called congenital anomaly.

birth defect

(1) Any distortion of a part or general disfigurement of the body.
(2) Congenital malformation, see there.
(3) An abnormality of structure, function or body metabolism present at birth that may result in a physical and/or mental disability or is fatal.

birth defect

Neonatology
1. Any distortion of a part or general disfigurement of the body.
3. An abnormality of structure, function or body metabolism present at birth that may result in a physical and/or mental disability or is fatal.

birth de·fect

(bĭrth dēfekt)
Any structural or biochemical abnormality present at birth; may be due to genetic or developmental factors.
Compare: congenital anomaly

birth de·fect

(bĭrth dēfekt)
Defect present at birth; sometimes referred to as congenital defect or anomaly.

Patient discussion about birth defect

Q. Is it a birth defect in children? I know about the causes of autism. Is it a birth defect in children?

A. it's not an easy answer i'm afraid...there are congenital differences, but no "birth defect" that we can detect. there's a good pdf file that gives a full explanation about it...i think you'll find it useful:
http://209.85.129.132/search?q=cache:U7PHTfTAZhYJ:www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/upload/autism_overview_2005.pdf+http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/upload/autism_overview_2005.pdf&hl=iw&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=il

More discussions about birth defect
References in periodicals archive ?
Cragan and her colleagues hope that this evidence will further solidify the link between Zika virus and birth defects and pave the way for more population-based studies.
The diagnosis of birth defects was based on the Chinese national criteria of birth defects and tiny deformities given in "maternal and child health monitoring manual in China." The diagnosis involves professionals in Obstetrics Department, Family Planning Department, Pediatrics Department, Pathology Department, Clinical Laboratory, and Physics Diagnostic Division (such as B-ultrasound room).
Interest in birth defects surveillance was sparked by the thalidomide tragedy of the 1960s when an increased number of children with limb deformities were born in Germany and other parts of the world where thalidomide was used for treating nausea and morning sickness among pregnant women [14].
[6] Further work on this concept by Etienne Geoffroy Saint Hilaire (1772-1844) showed that arrested development could be caused by environmental agents, thus giving the first causative factor for birth defects. [6,8] However, it was his son and successor, Isidore Geoffroy Saint Hilaire (1805-1861), who arguably, but unknowingly, struck the first blow for human dignity for people with birth defects.
"The risk of birth defects for IVF was 7.2% (165 birth defects); and the rate for ICSI was higher at 9.9% (139 defects).
But, gestational diabetes had only weak associations with birth defects, and maternal obesity was not associated with birth defects, except in mothers with gestational diabetes.
Americans with less formal education tend to give much higher estimates of the birth defect rate than do those with more formal education.
In a study published in March in Birth Defects Research, researchers found that the addition of folic acid could prevent about 57,000 birth defects of the brain and spine every year in 71 countries.
[USA], May 2 (ANI): A group of researchers have found that a common drug for treating epileptic seizures if used by pregnant women can lead to birth defects.
Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects, including microcephaly and brain abnormalities (1).
Before B3 was introduced into the mother's diet, embryos were either lost through miscarriage or the offspring were born with a range of severe birth defects.
Sally Dunwoodie "It's also not yet known what dose of vitamin B3 will prevent miscarriage and birth defects.