birth canal


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canal

 [kah-nal´]
a relatively narrow tubular passage or channel.
adductor canal Hunter's canal.
Alcock's canal a tunnel formed by a splitting of the obturator fascia, which encloses the pudendal vessels and nerve.
alimentary canal see alimentary canal.
anal canal the terminal portion of the alimentary canal, from the rectum to the anus.
atrioventricular canal the common canal connecting the primordial atrium and ventricle; it sometimes persists as a congenital anomaly.
birth canal the canal through which the fetus passes in birth.
carotid canal one in the pars petrosa of the temporal bone, transmitting the internal carotid artery to the cranial cavity.
cervical canal the part of the uterine cavity lying within the cervix.
condylar canal an occasional opening in the condylar fossa for transmission of the transverse sinus; called also posterior condyloid foramen.
canal of Corti a space between the outer and inner rods of Corti.
femoral canal the cone-shaped medial part of the femoral sheath lateral to the base of Gimbernat's ligament.
haversian canal any of the anastomosing channels of the haversian system in compact bone, containing blood and lymph vessels, and nerves.
Hunter's canal a fascial tunnel in the middle third of the medial part of the thigh, containing the femoral vessels and saphenous nerve. Called also adductor canal.
hypoglossal canal an opening in the occipital bone, transmitting the hypoglossal nerve and a branch of the posterior meningeal artery; called also anterior condyloid foramen.
infraorbital canal a small canal running obliquely through the floor of the orbit, transmitting the infraorbital vessels and nerve.
inguinal canal the oblique passage in the lower anterior abdominal wall on either side, through which passes the round ligament of the uterus in the female, and the spermatic cord in the male.
medullary canal
optic canal a passage for the optic nerve and ophthalmic artery at the apex of the orbit; called also optic foramen.
pulp canal root canal.
root canal that part of the pulp cavity extending from the pulp chamber to the apical foramen. Called also pulp canal.
sacral canal the continuation of the spinal canal through the sacrum.
Schlemm's canal venous sinus of sclera.
semicircular c's see semicircular canals.
spinal canal (vertebral canal) the canal formed by the series of vertebral foramina together, enclosing the spinal cord and meninges.
Volkmann's c's canals communicating with the haversian canals, for passage of blood vessels through bone.

birth ca·nal

cavity of the uterus and vagina through which the fetus passes.
Synonym(s): parturient canal

birth canal

n.
The passageway through which the fetus is expelled during parturition, leading from the uterus through the cervix and the vagina.

birth canal

Usage notes: (informal)
the passage that extends from the inlet of the true pelvis to the vaginal orifice through which an infant passes during vaginal birth. See also clinical pelvimetry.

birth canal

Anatomy
A popular term for the passage through which the foetus traverses the travails of parturition; to wit, the uterus, the vagina, and the vulva.
 
Vox populi
Vagina, see there.

birth canal

Parturient canal A popular term for the passage through which the fetus travels the travails of parturition, to wit, the uterus, the vagina, and the vulva

birth ca·nal

(bĭrth kă-nal')
Cavity of the uterus and vagina through which the fetus passes.
Synonym(s): parturient canal.

birth canal

The exit route through which the baby is forced by the contraction of the womb. The canal consists of the widely stretched cervix of the uterus, the vagina, and the small and large external lips-the labia.

birth

a coming into being; the act or process of being born. See also parturition.

birth canal
the canal through which the fetus passes in birth; comprising the uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva.
birth cohort
see cohort.
birth control
a term rarely used in dealing with animals. Instead see population control, contraception.
birth defects
see congenital defects.
birth difficulties
dystocia.
birth injury
occurs to the fetus during birth. Includes rib fracture and meningeal hemorrhage.
birth interval
the interval between succeeding parturitions. See also calving interval.
multiple birth
the birth of two or more offspring produced in the same gestation period.
birth order
the chronological order of births in a multiple birth. May have significance in causing stillbirths if the intervals between births are prolonged because of inertia.
premature birth
expulsion of the fetus from the uterus before termination of the normal gestation period, but after independent existence has become a possibility. In humans prematurity is defined as a pregnancy of less than 37 weeks in a pregnancy normally lasting 40 weeks.
birth process
comprises maturation of the fetus, relaxation of the bony pelvis and associated ligaments, softening and relaxation of the cervix, vagina, vulva and perineum, correct disposition of the fetus, contractions of the uterine myometrium and finally the only component under voluntary control, contraction of the abdominal muscles.
birth rate
the number of births during one year for the total population (crude birth rate), for the female population (refined birth rate), or for the female population of reproductive age (true birth rate). Not a term much used with reference to animals. See calving, lambing rate.
birth size
stature, including height at withers, crown to tail head length at birth.
birth weight
the weight at birth. A significant determinant of survival in any species and of the occurrence of dystocia. See also prolonged gestation.

canal

a relatively narrow tubular passage or channel.

accessory canal
see lateral canal (below).
alar canal
in the body of the basisphenoid bone, transmits the maxillary artery.
alimentary canal
the digestive tube from mouth to anus. See also alimentary canal.
anal canal
the terminal portion of the alimentary canal, from the rectum to the anus.
atrioventricular canal
the common canal connecting the primitive atrium and ventricle; it sometimes persists as a congenital anomaly.
birth canal
the canal through which the fetus passes in birth.
carotid canal
one in the pars petrosa of the temporal bone, transmitting the internal carotid artery to the cranial cavity.
carpal canal
on the palmar surface of the equine carpus where the carpal groove is converted into a canal by the flexor retinaculum which stretches from the accessory carpal bone to the medial side of the carpus. It houses the flexor tendons.
central brain canal
lumen of the neural tube of the embryo within the brain.
cervical canal
the part of the uterine cavity lying within the cervix.
condyloid canal
in the occipital bone; transmits a vein.
canal of Corti
a space between the outer and inner rods of Corti.
external ear canal
the canal from the external auditory meatus to the eardrum.
facial canal
osseous tube in the temporal bone that transmits the facial nerve.
femoral canal
in the groin on the medial aspect of the thigh; contains the femoral artery and vein.
c's of Gartner
in the ventral wall of the vagina; they are remnants of the mesonephric ducts and very variable in their occurrence. Called also ductus epoophori longitudinales.
haversian canal
see haversian canal.
c's of Hering
openings between the bile canaliculi and the cholangioles, the terminal ducts of the biliary duct system. Called also cholangiole.
hyaloid canal
central canal of the vitreous humor running from the lens to the optic disk.
hypoglossal canal
an opening in the occipital bone, transmitting the hypoglossal nerve and a branch of the posterior meningeal artery; called also anterior condyloid foramen.
infraorbital canal
a canal running obliquely from the front of the orbit to the side of the muzzle, transmitting the infraorbital vessels and nerve. In the horse it passes through the maxillary sinus.
inguinal canal
the oblique passage in the caudal abdominal wall on either side, through which passes the round ligament of the uterus in some females such as the bitch and the spermatic cord in the males.
intestinal canal
small and large intestines.
lacrimal canal
the nasolacrimal canal.
lateral canal
a small canal in the root of a tooth which emerges on the side, rather than the apex. Called also accessory canal.
mandibular canal
a passageway within the mandible for conduction of the inferior alveolar vessels and nerve; the inferior alveolar nerve enters the mandibular canal through the mandibular foramen and exits at the mental foramen supplying nerves to the lower cheek teeth in passing.
medullary canal
1. vertebral canal.
2. the cavity, containing marrow, in the diaphysis of a long bone; called also marrow or medullary cavity.
metatarsal canal
formed by the metatarsal fascia on the plantar aspect of the chief metatarsal bone of the horse; transmits the tendons of the digital flexor muscles.
modiolar canal
in the cochlea of the internal ear; it transmits blood vessels and nerves to the cochlea.
nasolacrimal canal
in the maxilla it transmits the nasolacrimal duct.
nutrient c's
large vascular canals through the cortex of bones. See also haversian canal.
omasal canal
the direct passage through the omasum from the reticulum to the abomasum.
optic canal
a passage for the optic nerve through the cranium into the orbit.
palatine canal
formed by the maxilla and the palatine bone; transmits the palatine artery and nerve.
pterygoid canal
in the basisphenoid bone; contains the pterygoid nerve.
root canal
see root canal.
sacral canal
the part of the vertebral canal through the sacrum.
Schlemm's canal
the venous sinus of the sclera, a circular canal at the junction of the sclera and cornea that receives the aqueous humour. Called also scleral venous sinus.
semicircular c's
the canals (anterior, lateral and posterior) of the bony labyrinth of the ear. See also semicircular canals.
spinal canal, vertebral canal
the canal formed by the series of vertebral foramina together, enclosing the spinal cord and meninges.
supraorbital canal
in the frontal bone; transmits the frontal vein, passing through the zygomatic process to the orbital cavity.
tarsal canal
formed by the plantar annular ligament of the tarsus which roofs over the tarsal groove; transmits the deep digital flexor tendon and plantar vessels.
triosseus canal
the foramen at the junction of the coracoid, clavicle and scapula which transmits the tendon of a flight muscle, the supracoracoideus, in the avian skeleton.
vertebral canal
spinal canal.
Volkmann's c's
canals communicating with the haversian canals, for passage of blood vessels through bone from the periosteum.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the hearing, the court heard Dr Patma Paturi, who delivered the baby, deny suggestions she had used forceps to lever the child's head out of the birth canal.
There can be no longer any question that the "prochoice" militants will accept no restriction on their "right" to kill unborn babies right up to full-term delivery, as the helpless infant exits the birth canal.
This is as absurd as saying that a child can be legally killed in the birth canal but not when it has emerged moments later.
Some STDs, like syphilis, cross the placenta and infect the fetus during its development; others, like gonorrhea, chlamydia, hepatitis B and genital herpes, are transmitted from mother to infant as the baby passes through the birth canal.
She is rendered unconscious while the child is wrenched from her birth canal with forceps, or straight from her cut-open womb.
Joeys crawl instinctively from the birth canal into the pouch to nurse on their mothers' teats.
Because caesarean babies have not been through the birth canal they are quite slippery and sometimes they have to be sucked out with _ a machine.
Acquired while passing through the birth canal of an infected mother, herpes in the newborn can lead to mental retardation and death.
If a pregnant woman had a fetus stuck in the birth canal and begins hemorrhaging, the doctor might have to choose between risking the woman's life with a two-hour delay to prep for a Caesarean section or risk being dragged into court for using what they believe to be the best medical procedure.
vagina (vuh-JY-nuh): in a woman's body, a tube connecting the womb (uterus) to the outside of the body, sometimes called the birth canal
The minute we point at "the poor," they are other, and so I was pushed through a long birth canal to the realization: we are the poor, all of us.
She may have a clinical infection in the birth canal area even though no positive identification of GBS is made.