Awareness is the recognition of the various factors related to biracialism, including individual and societal feelings toward interracial marriages and biracial births, a familiarity with historical and modern myths and stereotypes, and an appreciation for the advantages and disadvantages of biracialism (Schwartz, 1998a; Wardle, 1992; Wehrly et al., 1999).
School counselors may employ a variety of strategies for fostering awareness of biracialism. They can implement developmental guidance lessons to increase school-wide awareness.
Communication is the rime spent discussing biracialism so as to facilitate a secure racial identity.
Our issue blends affirmation and critique, examining biracialism as both an existential condition and ideological concern.
These articles suggest that biracialism can be made to reinforce racial hierarchies and divisions, and does not necessarily destabilize them as some postmodern thinkers allege.
To explore biracialism is, as this suggests, to explore the notion of "the family" in its literal and figurative dimensions.
Simpson trial in 1995 (which revealed an apparently startling divide in racial attitudes between black and white Americans) and the Year 2000 Census (in which respondents could, for the first time, self-identify as members of more than one race) seem to bookend much of the discursive flurry around biracialism
. See, for example: Elizabeth Atkins Bowman, "Black Like Who?," Black Issues Book Review, 3 (January-February 2001), 24-27; Gigi Kaeser, Of Many Colors: Portraits of Multiracial Families (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1997); Lisa Funderberg, Black, White, Other: Biracial Americans Talk About Race and Identity (New York: Hearst, 1995); Marguerite A.
This essay, then, will offer the first fully developed reading of "Mulatto": examining how the debates surrounding the reception of Fine Clothes to the Jew led both African American and white critics to overlook the poem; then presenting the necessary contexts (Hughes's concern with biracialism, his relationship with his father, his employment of both call and response and of signifying, and his deliberate intertextuality with Jean Toomer's Cane); and concluding with a detailed analysis that takes into account the poem's intricate formal properties while demonstrating its extraordinary aesthetic and cultural richness.
In addition, an understanding of "Mulatto" is further deepened by the biographical contexts of Hughes's concern with biracialism and of his own relationship with his father.
Biracialism and paternal acceptance had been deep personal concerns of Hughes since childhood.
It was one of the marks of Hughes's genius that in speaking for himself, and by combining the thematic material of biracialism and paternity, he spoke for so many.
The first four essays focus on Christianity and evangelism, the Southern textile industry, biracialism
, and Negro thought and how they adapt to the priorities of the New South.