If biparental inheritance
is established, IC analysis can be performed.
This low rate of incidence may have been unperceived by the Talmud Sages, or it may have been recognized as an anomaly, causing the Sages to disregard biparental inheritance
of genetic coagulation disorders as a significant halakhic factor.
In the vegetative cell of pollen grain, plastid DNA breaks down from pollen mitosis independently of maternal or biparental inheritance (Sodmergen et al.
Biparental inheritance is very rare in angiosperms and has been described in only a few species--namely, Medicago sativa (Schumann & Hancock, 1989; Corriveau et al.
In species with biparental inheritance, however, plastid DNA is intensively synthesized during the end of pollen maturation (Miyamura et al.
Nonetheless, there is now substantial evidence that many plant species exhibit biparental inheritance of plastid or mitochondrial genomes (Metzlaff et al.
Rapid screening method to detect potential biparental inheritance of plastid DNA and results for over 200 angiosperm species.
Variations of chloroplast DNAs in the genus Pelargonium and their biparental inheritance.
Heteroplasmy suggests limited biparental inheritance
of Mytilus mitochondrial DNA.
The growing literature documenting paternal and biparental inheritance of plastids in wild and domesticated plants suggests that this kind of paternal influence on progeny phenotype may have been unfairly discounted in many quantitative-genetic studies (Lombardo and Gerola 1968; Kirk and Tilney-Bassett 1978; Hagemann 1979; Cass 1983; Medgyesy et al.
Direct evidence of plastid DNA and mitochondrial DNA in sperm cells in relation to biparental inheritance of organelle DNA in Pelargonium zonale by fluorescence/electron microscopy.
Biparental inheritance of organelles and its implications in crop improvement.