Reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected around the larval chamber in association with primary metabolites, especially proteins, which is indicative of biotic stress
(Schonrogge, Harper, & Lichtenstein, 2000).
Differential expression of eight defensin genes of Nicotiana benthamiana following biotic stress
, wounding, ethylene, and benzothiadiazole treatments.
Plant bioestimulants: A review on the processing of macroalgae and use of extracts for crop management to reduce abiotic and biotic stress
. Journal of Applied Phycology, v.26, p.465-490, 2014.
For instance, meristematic cells give rise to secondary metabolites as part of the plant's survival strategy under stress conditions imposed by living microorganisms (biotic stress
) or the physical environment (abiotic stress).
Translational Genomics for Crop Breeding; Volume 1: Biotic Stress
The impairment of the balance (higher ROS production and/or lower buffering capacity), and therefore the occurrence of oxidative stress, has been related to an increased susceptibility to different environmental or biotic stress
and to the development of different types of pathology in different animal species.
Effect of metals to defend plants against biotic stress
The phenolic substance is synthesized by the tomato plant when it is subjected to biotic stress
. The UPV and CSIC have registered the national and international patents of the new antioxidant and the laboratory procedures used to isolate and synthesize it chemically.
In addition, as economics will likely become more strained in the agricultural sector, access to and application of precision farming techniques, advanced breeding for environmental and biotic stress
tolerance, and design of more efficient planting, harvest, and maintenance equipment will play pivotal roles in the successful future farm.
Moving towards new understandings of biotic stress
and stress interactions, p.
resistance is one of the most important goals in the improvement of forage and turf grasses due to the yield and/or quality losses these stresses cause (Fujimori et al., 2004).