Still, Callicott contends within his 'Conceptual Foundations' essay that it is actually the inculcation of the land-as-community idea that will ultimately sway persons to embrace the land ethic proper (i.e., the land ethic will be accepted because of 'ecology's social representation of nature', coupled with the notion that we as biotic community
members are capable of hurting other nonhuman community members, as well as harming the overall biotic community
Biome: Sonoran Desert; Mojave Desert; Great Basin Desert; Biotic community
: California Chaparral; California Grassland.
Although the concept of a biotic community
included both flora and fauna, most of the communities were distinguished by the authors solely by the plant assemblages.
Aldo Leopold's ethical formula rings like truth chiseled in stone: "A thing is right when it tends to promote the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community
. It is wrong when it tends otherwise." The author's emerging biocentric thought stands forth in such exemplary sentences.
Though Callicott has always drawn fluently from historical sources, in this work he has pushed this scholarly aspect of his work further; and so after his efforts to bring Leopold's land ethic into harmony with contemporary ecology, resulting in a modified credo--'A thing is right when it tends to preserve the beauty of the biotic community
and to disturb it only at normal spatial and temporal scales.
That's counterproductive if our long-term goal is to expand justice, which requires that our species become a "plain member and citizen of the biotic community
," as Aldo Leopold counseled.
Leopold once said, "A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity stability and beauty of the biotic community
. It is wrong when it tends otherwise." A part of the bosque--now designated as Aldo Leopold Forest--honors Leopold's legacy in New Mexico by promoting his vision of an ethical relationship with the land.
In the Lower Rio Grande Valley, red-billed pigeons occur in the falcon woodland biotic community
of the Tamaulipan biotic province (Blair, 1950; Butterwick and Strong, 1976), which is ranked fifth in the top 100 nationally significant fish and wildlife areas (United States Fish and Wildlife Service, 1980).
Analyses of food-cycle relationships indicate that a biotic community
cannot be clearly differentiated from its abiotic environment; the ecosystem is hence regarded as the more fundamental ecological unit.
The habitat and biotic community
changes described here demonstrate how human activities at a site location can initiate a series of events that may have far reaching effects on an estuarine system.
The Ramaderos biotic community
is found at the western edge of the refuge.
But nature suffers as well in this separation from human beings, because it is deprived of the services that humans render as rightful citizens of the biotic community
. Dramatic testimony to this is seen in Turner's statement, in the August 1985 issue of Harper's magazine, that wilderness areas from which humans are systematically excluded are "the most astonishingly unnatural places on earth."