biosynthesis

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biosynthesis

 [bi″o-sin´thĕ-sis]
creation of a compound by physiologic processes in a living organism. adj., adj biosynthet´ic.

bi·o·syn·the·sis

(bī'ō-sin'thĕ-sis),
Formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either in the organism (in vivo) or by fragments or extracts of cells (in vitro).
Synonym(s): biogenesis (2)

biosynthesis

(bī′ō-sĭn′thĭ-sĭs)
n.
Formation of a chemical compound by a living organism. Also called biogenesis.

bi′o·syn·thet′ic (-thĕt′ĭk) adj.
bi′o·syn·thet′i·cal·ly adv.

biosynthesis

Bodywork
A proprietary form of spiritual bodywork, which
combines features of bioenergetics and Reichian therapy. Developed by a David Boadella, “Bosynthesis” is based on the belief that 3 currents of energy flow through the body, arising from the embryonal germ cell layers, the ectoderm, the mesoderm and the endoderm. It posits that stresses began in utero affect emotions in later life and interrupt the flow of energy; the intent of the system is to reintegrate the flow of energy, by breathing techniques, emotional centring, grounding the posture, and shaping of experience through verbal communication and eye contact.

Cell biology
Synthesis of biomolecules by a living system.
 
Pharmacology
See Combinatorial biosynthesis.
 
Physiology
The production of proteins, lipids and carbohydrates by enzyme activity and physiologic processes within an organism; the synthesis of chemical compounds by enzymatic processes in living organisms.

biosynthesis

Pharmacology See Combinatorial biosynthesis.

bi·o·syn·the·sis

(bī'ō-sin'thĕ-sis)
Formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either in the organism (in vivo) or by fragments or extracts of cells (in vitro).
Synonym(s): biogenesis (2) .

biosynthesis

the process by which more complex molecules are formed from simpler ones by living organisms, e.g. PHOTOSYNTHESIS.

Biosynthesis

The manufacture of materials in a biological system.
Mentioned in: Porphyrias

bi·o·syn·the·sis

(bī'ō-sin'thĕ-sis)
Formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either in the organism (in vivo) or by fragments or extracts of cells (in vitro).
Synonym(s): biogenesis (2) .
References in periodicals archive ?
The S-ABA we used was produced biosynthetically, and its price is relatively low, which make it possible to be applied to protecting crops, including S.
The production and/or secretion by breast cells of several proteolytic enzymes (26, 29, 37) and biologically active targets for MMP activity (3), in association with a lack of physiologic control of the NAF secretion/ reabsorption mechanism (23) and with prolonged exposure to several biologically active substances through the autocrine/ paracrine mechanism (27), could, with age, make the biosynthetically active apocrine NAF cells prone to pre-malignant transformation (25-27).
Crews, "Biosynthetically diverse compounds from a saltwater culture of sponge- derived Aspergillus niger," Journal of Natural Products, vol.
Biosynthetically and structurally, 1 is the precursor and an isomer of 2 (Jayaprakasam et al.
EOs include two biosynthetically related groups, mainly terpenes and terpenoids and, secondarily, aromatic and aliphatic constituents, all of them characterized by low molecular weight.
While some IgG clones had very low RB-inducing propensity and resulted in high level protein secretion, biosynthetically challenging IgG clones exhibited higher propensity to induce RBs and typically resulted in low secretion output.
"This led us to believe that if we can determine how this compound is created and passed on, we could biosynthetically develop it in the laboratory to create a sunscreen for human use, perhaps in the form of a tablet, which would work in a similar way.
In the frame of a study on breast NAFs, we recently described the biochemical profile and the ultrastructural features of the cellular components of a subtype of NAF--previously named type II NAF (15)-- demonstrating that it is characterized by the presence of some peculiar milk proteins and by biosynthetically active apocrine cells.
Often, groups of biosynthetically related compounds are involved which can provide information that is not available from morphological data.