biosynthesis

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biosynthesis

 [bi″o-sin´thĕ-sis]
creation of a compound by physiologic processes in a living organism. adj., adj biosynthet´ic.

bi·o·syn·the·sis

(bī'ō-sin'thĕ-sis),
Formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either in the organism (in vivo) or by fragments or extracts of cells (in vitro).
Synonym(s): biogenesis (2)

biosynthesis

/bio·syn·the·sis/ (-sin´thĕ-sis) creation of a compound by physiologic processes in a living organism.biosynthet´ic

biosynthesis

(bī′ō-sĭn′thĭ-sĭs)
n.
Formation of a chemical compound by a living organism. Also called biogenesis.

bi′o·syn·thet′ic (-thĕt′ĭk) adj.
bi′o·syn·thet′i·cal·ly adv.

biosynthesis

[-sin′thəsis]
Etymology: Gk, bios + synthesis, putting together
any one of thousands of chemical processes continually occurring throughout the body in which less complex molecules form more complex biomolecules, especially the carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleotides, and nucleic acids. Biosynthetic reactions constitute the anabolism of the body. biosynthetic, adj.

biosynthesis

Bodywork
A proprietary form of spiritual bodywork, which
combines features of bioenergetics and Reichian therapy. Developed by a David Boadella, “Bosynthesis” is based on the belief that 3 currents of energy flow through the body, arising from the embryonal germ cell layers, the ectoderm, the mesoderm and the endoderm. It posits that stresses began in utero affect emotions in later life and interrupt the flow of energy; the intent of the system is to reintegrate the flow of energy, by breathing techniques, emotional centring, grounding the posture, and shaping of experience through verbal communication and eye contact.

Cell biology
Synthesis of biomolecules by a living system.
 
Pharmacology
See Combinatorial biosynthesis.
 
Physiology
The production of proteins, lipids and carbohydrates by enzyme activity and physiologic processes within an organism; the synthesis of chemical compounds by enzymatic processes in living organisms.

biosynthesis

Pharmacology See Combinatorial biosynthesis.

bi·o·syn·the·sis

(bī'ō-sin'thĕ-sis)
Formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either in the organism (in vivo) or by fragments or extracts of cells (in vitro).
Synonym(s): biogenesis (2) .

biosynthesis

the process by which more complex molecules are formed from simpler ones by living organisms, e.g. PHOTOSYNTHESIS.

Biosynthesis

The manufacture of materials in a biological system.
Mentioned in: Porphyrias

biosynthesis (bīˈ·ō·sinˑ·th·sis),

n formation of a chemical compound by a living organism. Also called
biogenesis.

bi·o·syn·the·sis

(bī'ō-sin'thĕ-sis)
Formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either in the organism (in vivo) or by fragments or extracts of cells (in vitro).
Synonym(s): biogenesis (2) .

biosynthesis,

n the formation of a chemical compound by enzymes.

biosynthesis

creation of a compound by physiological processes in a living organism.
References in periodicals archive ?
The production and/or secretion by breast cells of several proteolytic enzymes (26, 29, 37) and biologically active targets for MMP activity (3), in association with a lack of physiologic control of the NAF secretion/ reabsorption mechanism (23) and with prolonged exposure to several biologically active substances through the autocrine/ paracrine mechanism (27), could, with age, make the biosynthetically active apocrine NAF cells prone to pre-malignant transformation (25-27).
This led us to believe that if we can determine how this compound is created and passed on, we could biosynthetically develop it in the laboratory to create a sunscreen for human use, perhaps in the form of a tablet, which would work in a similar way.
In the frame of a study on breast NAFs, we recently described the biochemical profile and the ultrastructural features of the cellular components of a subtype of NAF--previously named type II NAF (15)-- demonstrating that it is characterized by the presence of some peculiar milk proteins and by biosynthetically active apocrine cells.
Often, groups of biosynthetically related compounds are involved which can provide information that is not available from morphological data.
Over the next four years, the collaboration will develop a process to use living cells as microbial 'factories' to biosynthetically manufacture Artemisinic Acid, a key precursor to artemisinin, the principal ingredient used in the most effective antimalarial drugs today.
Isoquinolines are derived biosynthetically from aromatic amino acid, phenylalanine or tyrosine molecules.
These antigens may be in the form of either recombinant proteins or biosynthetically produced peptides.