The scientific literature highlights the importance of the biopsychosocial model
in the approach of LBP in the general population (17-20).
The Gap: Introduction of the Biopsychosocial Model
in Occupational Therapy
The biomedical model positing the body as machine, comprised of component parts treatable in isolation from one another, dominates medicine, while the more holistic biopsychosocial model
, which takes into account the body, mind and social determinants, structures policy provision.
The role that current health sciences students will one day have to play in protecting patients from being treated unjustly relies heavily upon the biopsychosocial model
for the assessment, prevention and treatment of disease, as well as on patient advocacy.
The biopsychosocial model
of addiction states that genetic/biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors contribute to substance consumption and should be taken into account for its prevention and treatment (Becona, 2002; Skewes & Gonzalez, 2013).
In recent past, the definition of disability has encompassed biopsychosocial model
and have taken into account the two-way association between a health condition and contextual factors, i.e., personal and environmental2.
The substance abuse among people with ID has often been explained by a biopsychosocial model
. This model is based on the complex interplay between biological, psychological and social factors (van Duijvenbode et al., 2015).
We dedicated two half-days a week concurrently, seeing a range of inpatients and applying the biopsychosocial model
to pain assessment and intervention.
It should also be noted that the presupposition that genes interact with the environment also underpins the biopsychosocial model
as proposed by Engel (1977).
In addition, RT practitioners do not strictly adhere to the medical model, but follow a biopsychosocial model
that is developmental in nature and focuses on strengths and interests.
(11.) The biopsychosocial model
is a way of understanding an individual's subjective experience as an essential contributor to accurate diagnosis, health outcomes, and clinical care.
One important model, which is consistent with the prevailing philosophies of rehabilitation, and that continues to gain empirical support as an EBP in the rehabilitation literature is the biopsychosocial model