bioprospecting

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bioprospecting

(bī′ō-prŏs′pĕk-tĭng)
n.
The attempt to discover in living organisms biochemicals or genetic sequences that have medical, agricultural, or industrial value.

bi′o·pros′pec·tor n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

bioprospecting

The analysis of plants, animals, insects and other organisms in an ecosystem with high biodiversity for therapeutic candidate molecules and substances.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

bioprospecting

searching for economically valuable biochemical and genetic resources from ANIMALS, PLANTS and MICROORGANISMS in nature. Examples of products obtained include biochemicals with pharmaceutical activities, such as taxol with ANTI-TUMOUR activity; and enzymes, such as Taq POLYMERASE, from the THERMOPHILIC BACTERIUM Thermus aquaticus, used in the POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION.

Some definitions include exploitation of whole organisms, as in BIOPESTICIDES and BIOREMEDIATION.

Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, if community members are employed by the bioprospectors (as technicians, for example), then they may deserve special compensation for their work.
Biotechnologists have become genetic bioprospectors, isolating genetic material and inserting it into plants and animals to generate patentable subject matter.
One could say that bioprospectors who today disregard the CBD are unjust agents, committing unjust actions, insofar as they violate a legitimate social rule set up to prevent exploitation and injustice.
Some players promote the exploitation of "free" resources by bioprospectors on the grounds that organisms and ecosystems are wild and therefore part of the public domain.
The marriage of computers and biotechnology (bioinformatics) is working to the benefit of Bill Gates and avant-garde Wall Street insiders, who can offer their software reservoir to the bioprospectors as a bank and clearinghouse of the gargantuan bits of information that are emerging out of dissecting plant and human genes.
In the past, invertebrates were taken largely at random from reefs, often in huge quantities, but bioprospectors rarely provided an indication of the amount of organisms they were seeking, making it difficult to assess the impact associated with collection.
Today's bioprospectors arc gathering and studying extracts of everything from spider venoms to soil microbes to algae.
These protests have drawn sympathetic supporters from some quarters, but have also been dismissed as aberrations or deemed irrational by bioprospectors, with whom legitimacy automatically rests.
There, 140 nations signed the Convention on Biological Diversity putting on paper the principle of fair compensation for countries hosting bioprospectors.
This centuries-old knowledge and tradition is now under serious threat; bioprospectors are on the leviathan biotechnology and pharmacological industries, mainly from the USA, have grasped the nettle and are foraging in the farthest, darkest of the Earth.
The promise of life-saving cures from marine species is gradually becoming a commercial reality for bioprospectors and pharmaceutical companies as anti-inflammatory and cancer drugs have been discovered and other leads are being pursued.