biophysical profile


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

profile

 [pro´fīl]
1. a simple outline, as of the side view of the head or face.
2. a graph representing quantitatively a set of characteristics determined by tests.
biophysical profile a numeric scoring system used to assess the well-being of the fetus in high-risk pregnancies, based on the nonstress test combined with sonographic evaluation of fetal breathing, fetal movements, fetal tone, amniotic fluid volume, and, sometimes, the echogenicity of the placenta.
PULSES profile a tool for early functional assessment, comprising assessment of physical condition, upper limb function, lower limb function, sensory components, excretory function, and emotional or mental status.
urethral pressure profile (UPP) a record of the resistance of the urethra to fluid flow, measured as variations in urethral pressure. A liquid or gas is pumped into the bladder with a catheter in place and the catheter is slowly withdrawn while measurements are taken of the pressure at various points in the urethra. It is usually done from the internal orifice to the external orifice in females and from the internal orifice to the sphincter urethrae muscle in males.

bi·o·phys·i·cal pro·file

technique for evaluating fetal status using fetal heart rate monitoring and ultrasound assessment of amniotic fluid volume, fetal movement, and fetal breathing motion.

biophysical profile

A prenatal ultrasound test performed in the latter half of pregnancy, which assesses foetal health status based on five parameters:
• Heart rate;
• Breathing movement;
• Gross body movement;
• Foetal muscle tone; and
• Amniotic fluid volume.

Each parameter is scored 0 to 2 for a total of 10 points, with 8+ being regarded as healthy.

biophysical profile

Obstetrics The measurement of 5 physical parameters in fetuses at ↑ risk for poor outcome, a non-stress test which evaluates the reactivity of the heart rate to various stresses, other parameters are measured simultaneously by dynamic ultrasound imaging: Fetal breathing movement–a non-stress test, fetal muscle tone, gross body movement, and amniotic fluid volume
References in periodicals archive ?
Antepartum fetal evaluation: development of a fetal biophysical Profile. Am J Obstet Gynaecol 1980;136(6):787-95.
A biophysical profile test score of 2/8 indicates the need for immediate delivery.
The biophysical profile is a non-invasive test that predicts the presence or absence of foetal hypoxia and ultimately the risk of foetal death in the antenatal periods.
The fetal biophysical profile in patients with premature rapture of the membranes--an early predictor of fetal infection.
Weekly nonstress tests, biophysical profiles, or both, are recommended by ACOG, said Dr.
Less than 14% had AFI < 2 & 86% had AFI <5 and 34% had high resistance flow and low biophysical profile. (3)
* A biophysical profile (BPP) score of 7 or lower predicts infection-related neonatal outcomes better than any single component of the BPP
Agyenim-Boateng Aboagye, M.D., of Washington uses the mnemonic, "Normal Baby Moves Through Fluid" to help medical students to remember the five components of the biophysical profile (BPP).
For fetuses with CCHB, Biophysical profile (BPP) score alone is not a good indicator of fetal wellbeing.
[5] Modified biophysical profile is an excellent means of fetal surveillance and identifies a group of patients at increased risk for adverse perinatal outcome and small for gestational age.
The use of biophysical parameters to develop a biophysical profile score is good for monitoring a growth-restricted fetus because the cutoffs used in scoring account for the normal physiologic variations of gestation.
Fetal Biophysical profile was done of the surviving twin twice weekly and revealed no abnormality.