biopesticide


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biopesticide

(bī′ō-pĕs′tĭ-sīd′)
n.
An organism, such as a fungus, bacterium, or virus, or a naturally occurring substance, such as a pheromone or mineral, that is used to control or kill pests.

biopesticide

A pesticide, the active ingredient of which is viral, fungal, bacterial or a natural product derived from a plant source, the efficacy of which hinges on specific biological effects.

Examples
Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), a vector for a engineered gene which encodes a Bt protein toxic to various insects, or by splicing the Bt toxin gene into other organisms; other biocontrol products include baculovirus-derived toxins and pheromones.

biopesticide

a PESTICIDE from a biological source, for example VIRUS, FUNGUS, BACTERIUM, or a product from such a source. Typically it is a BIOLOGICAL CONTROL agent, formulated and applied in a similar way to a chemical pesticide.
References in periodicals archive ?
BIOPESTICIDES: TYPES AND APPLICATIONS IN THE CONTROL OF AGRICULTURAL PESTS
Two segments are considered the most relevant: chemical pesticides and biological pesticides, designated "chemicals" or "biopesticides" hereafter, respectively.
Welsh firm Bionema Ltd has been created to come up with biopesticides like certain fungi, bacteria, worms and viruses which kill off pests without leaving harmful residues behind.
The company was established with support from the Research, Engagement & Innovation Services team at Swansea University and its innovative biopesticides are aimed firmly at the agricultural/horticultural market.
"Biopesticides represent flexibility lo our markets.
The present study clearly indicates that this recombinant protein is highly effective against agronomical important lepidopteron insects and is an excellent candidate for use as a biopesticides or expressed heterogeneously in agricultural crops to provide long lasting resistance to insect attacks.
This international workshop brought together 66 participants to determine 1) what role Metarhizium and PAN should play in Desert Locust management and 2) what key actions were required to integrate biopesticides into operational campaigns.
"Our BtBooster represents a breakthrough discovery that will enable a leap to the next generation of biopesticides and crops developed through biotechnology," said Cliff Baile, InsectiGen's chief executive officer, Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in Agricultural Biotechnology and distinguished professor of animal science and foods and nutrition at the University of Georgia.
The other commercial GM microbes are designated as biopesticides. These include GM Agrobacterium radiobacter k1026, used to prevent crown gall disease in fruit and vegetables, and Pseudomonas fluorescens modified from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt).
The biopesticide Paenibacillus popilliae has a vacomycin resistance gene cluster homologous to the enterococcal VanA vancomycin resistance gene cluster.
This book was intended to bring together the latest advances in the evolving science of biopesticide technology in a cross-disciplinary manner, and, for the first time, presents a comprehensive view of the technology as it has developed for all biopesticidal agents that have achieved commercial success.
Following an environmental impact statement, two alternatives were determined: 1) take no action, and hope for the best; or 2) conduct a biopesticide spraying program on the approximately 6,000 infested acres.