biomaterial


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biomaterial

 [bi″o-mah-tēr´e-al]
any substance (other than a drug), synthetic or natural, that can be used as a system or part of a system that treats, augments, or replaces any tissue, organ, or function of the body; especially, material suitable for use in prostheses that will be in contact with living tissue.

bi·o·ma·ter·i·al

(bī'ō-ma-tē'rē-al),
A synthetic or semisynthetic material used in a biologic system to construct an implantable prosthesis and chosen for its biocompatibility.
[bio- + material]

biomaterial

(bī′ō-mə-tîr′ē-əl)
n.
A biocompatible material that is used to construct artificial organs, rehabilitation devices, or prostheses and replace natural body tissues.

biomaterial

(1) Any synthetic material or device—e.g., implant or prosthesis—designed to treat, enhance or replace an ageing, malfunctioning or cosmetically unacceptable native tissue, organ or function in the body.
(2) A native material used for its structural, not biological, properties—e.g., collagen in cosmetics, carbohydrates modified for biomedical applications or as bulking agents in food manufacture.

biomaterial

1. Any synthetic material or device–eg implant or prosthesis-intended to treat, enhance or replace an aging or malfunctioning–or cosmetically unacceptable—native tissue, organ or function in the body. See Bioengineering, Breast implants, Hybrid artificial pancreas, Shiley valve, Teflon, Total hip replacement.
2. A biomaterial used for its structural, not biological, properties–eg, collagen in cosmetics, carbohydrates modified by biotechnology to be used as lubricants for biomedical applications or as bulking agents in food manufacture.

bi·o·ma·te·ri·al

(bī'ō-mă-tēr'ē-ăl)
A synthetic or semisynthetic material chosen for its biocompatibility and used in a biologic system to construct an implantable prosthesis.

bi·o·ma·te·ri·al

(bī'ō-mă-tēr'ē-ăl)
A synthetic or semisynthetic material used in a biologic system to construct an implantable prosthesis and chosen for its biocompatibility.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Figure 5: Summary of PSC technology, methods for directing differentiation, and potential avenues for biomaterial contribution to translation into regenerative medicine and personalized healthcare.
As a result, the researchers were able to observe how the new biomaterial interacts with human cells and how stem cells differentiate into neural cells.
Due to the involvement of advances in materials science such as nanotechnology and smart biomaterials to help guide or diagnose tissue regeneration and function, regenerative engineers will face many difficulties, the largest being the regulatory path that must he navigated by institutions and companies to make regenerative products available to the end user.
Metallic biomaterials segment contributed the highest revenue share to the global market, owing to highly used in orthopedic treatments for bone support and replacement, due to their strength and resistance to fatigue degradation.
The swelling ratio of biomaterial is relevant in characterizing the amount of nutrients available to cells and cell migration products [8].
With these articles, this issue offers comprehensive knowledge on biomaterials which serve a main role in the engineering of functional tissue replacements, both as supports for cell adhesion, vehicles for cell transplantation, and systems for controlled drug delivery and also provides studies on the application of the novel biomaterials in dentistry.
On the basis of product type the global nerve repair biomaterials market is segmented into nerve repair and nerve protection.
The study was published in the (http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/8/358/358ra127) journal Science Translational Medicine under the title "Hyperelastic 'bone': A highly versatile, growth factor6free, osteoregenerative, scalable, and surgically friendly biomaterial," and Adam E.
Dervish: GORE[R] SYNECOR Biomaterial is a unique combination of a dense, monofilament PTFE knit and a bioabsorbable copolymer scaffold comprised of polyglycolic acid (PGA) and trimethylene carbonate (TMC) on the parietal surface, and a PGA / TMC nonporous film on the visceral surface.
[USPRwire, Thu Jan 07 2016] Biomaterials Market by Type of Material (Metallic, Ceramic, Polymers, Natural Biomaterials) & Application (Cardiovascular, Orthopedic, Dental, Plastic Surgery, Wound Healing, Neurology, Tissue Engineering, Ophthalmology) - Global Forecast to 2020
The company's deep understanding of inherent biomaterial properties are combined with advanced processing and conversion capabilities, including: