That event marked a birth of mighty European empires and their (liberal) schools of applied biologism
, racism, genocide, organized plunders, ethno-social engineering and eugenics, and similar forms of ideological justifiers.
We can complicate, for instance, the centrality of biopolitical reproductive biologism
by expanding the terrain of who reproduces and what is reproduced .
This critique is reflected also in Habermas's concerns (2003) that the work of Peter Sloterdijk on "the human zoo" (2009), which emphasizes the bestial qualities of humans, justifies a neofascist biologism
Durkheim, however, theorizes that the most popular path to nowhere is biologism
, according to which men violate the criminal code out of a hereditary, constitutional compulsion to do so.
Paradoxically, the solution offered is predicated on biology, and so undermines a pure form of either constructivism or biologism
While no one would object to living well and faithfully, and while the temptation to biologism
and excessively reductionist science must surely be avoided, recent work suggests that humans are not as free to make choices about what to believe and how to live as many may wish.
Some theologians, like Selling, have suggested that the nature of the encyclical implies someone familiar with terms like autonomous ethics, theonomy, paranesis, ontic evil or physicalism and biologism
Because one cannot demarcate oneself from biologism
, from naturalism, from racism in its genetic form, one cannot be opposed to them except by reinscribing spirit in an oppositional determination, by once again making it a unilaterality of subjectity, even if in its voluntarist form.
Commenting on these passages, Raya Dunayevskaya observed Marx's stress to be on 'the duality in primitive communism' (such as between 'chief' and the 'masses' as well as the 'Man/Woman relations') and 'a critical attitude to both biologism
and uncritical evolutionism', concluding that 'whether Marx focused on the equality of women during primitive communism or on Morgan's theory of the gens, his point of concentration always remained that revolutionary praxis through which humanity self-developed from primitive communism to the period in which he lived' (Dunayevskaya 1991, pp.
In The Order of Things, from the perspective of a unified Kantian episteme, Foucault overlaps transcendentalism and biologism
, life as a relational dispositif and vitalism, so that his conception of vitality falls back into a neo-Kantian Weltanschauung.
, Hierarchy and Critique of Culture in Nietzsche
A key aspect of this book is its focus on the body and biologism
, which are of course issues central to so much of CAM practice but which, Barcan claims, have been marginalized by, particularly, many gender studies-based analyses.