biological weapon


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biological weapon

n.
A biological pathogen or toxin, such as the anthrax bacterium or the smallpox virus, that has been prepared for release on the battlefield or within a civilian population in sufficient concentration to cause widespread illness or death. Also called bioweapon.
Any pathogen—virus, bacteria, other disease-causing biological agent, or toxin produced by them—intended for use as a biological weapon.
Generic types
• Anti-personnel BWs
Ideal characteristics: High infectivity, high potency, no vaccines, aerosol delivery
• Anti-angriculture BWs: Herbicides, defoliants and other agents designed to destroy crops
Potential BWs Bacillus anthracis, botulinum toxin, Ebola virus, Argentine hemorrhagic fever virus, Q fever, Rift Valley fever, tularemia, Yersinia pestis
Defenses against BW Respirator or gas mask, protective shelter, decontamination, vaccination, antibiotics, detection systems
References in periodicals archive ?
Arguably, biological weapons pose exactly this kind of threat--feared especially by the United States in recent years, but by other states as well.
The covert Soviet biological weapons industry was unrivaled both in terms of scope and sophistication.
The first one, dated February 21, 1952 (one day before the North Korean foreign minister's public statement), is only a small fragment of Mao's message to Stalin, reporting that the US used biological weapons, "delivered by aircraft and artillery." The remaining eleven documents all date from between April 13 and June 2, 1953, the month immediately following the death of Stalin.
For the biological weapons office, this means analyzing and understanding the 1972 Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention and the 1925 Geneva Protocol.
During a time when the feasibility of nuclear weapons was questionable, policy makers familiar with both programs were assured that biological weapons provided a logistically reasonable alternative should the nation fail to build a nuclear weapon (see Figure 2).
'We want to examine whether Yushchenko's illness could be related to biological weapons toxins.'
The Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats stepped up their demands for an investigation after the man heading the hunt for Saddam's arsenal said intelligence suggesting he had stockpiles of chemical and biological weapons was wrong.
They have acknowledged that they had biological weapons.
The guide brings together facts on disaster survival techniques, disaster-specific information (i.e., information about terrorism, bomb treats, suspicious parcels and letters, chemical and biological weapons, homeland security alerts, etc.) and how to prepare for and respond to both natural and man-made disasters.
We still have chemical and biological weapons, which disqualifies us from the chemical and biological weapons treaty.
Yet the attention paid to this threat is minuscule compared with that of chemical, nuclear, and biological weapons, Legislation, proposed by the Senate, requiring all U.S.
The proliferation of biological weapons poses a growing strategic threat, and physicians have two roles to play in the fight against these agents.

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