biological monitoring


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monitoring

 [mon´ĭ-ter-ing]
constant checking on a patient's condition, either personally or by means of a mechanical monitor.
acid-base monitoring in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the collection and analysis of patient data to regulate acid-base balance.
biological monitoring examination of materials such as blood or urine that come from living organisms, to determine if there has been exposure to given chemical substances.
electrolyte monitoring in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as collection and analysis of patient data to regulate electrolyte balance.
electronic fetal monitoring: antepartum in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as electronic evaluation of fetal heart rate response to movement, external stimuli, or uterine contractions during antepartal testing.
electronic fetal monitoring: intrapartum in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as electronic evaluation of heart rate response to uterine contractions during intrapartal care.
fetal monitoring see fetal monitoring.
fluid monitoring in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the collection and analysis of patient data to regulate fluid balance.
health policy monitoring in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as surveillance and influence of government and organization regulations, rules, and standards that affect nursing systems and practices to ensure quality care of patients.
hemodynamic monitoring see hemodynamic monitoring.
intracranial pressure monitoring see intracranial pressure monitoring.
invasive hemodynamic monitoring in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the measurement and interpretation of invasive hemodynamic parameters to determine cardiovascular function and regulate therapy as appropriate.
neurologic monitoring in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the collection and analysis of patient data to prevent or minimize neurologic complications.
newborn monitoring in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the measurement and interpretation of the physiologic status of the neonate in the first 24 hours after delivery.
nutritional monitoring in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the collection and analysis of patient data to prevent or minimize malnourishment.
quality monitoring in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the systematic collection and analysis of an organization's quality indicators for the purpose of improving patient care.
respiratory monitoring in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the collection and analysis of patient data to ensure airway patency and adequate gas exchange.
transcutaneous oxygen monitoring see transcutaneous oxygen monitoring.
vital signs monitoring in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the collection and analysis of cardiovascular, respiratory, and body temperature data to determine and prevent complications. See also vital signs.

biological monitoring

1 a process of measuring the levels of various physiological substances, drugs, or metabolites within a patient during diagnosis or therapy.
2 the measurement of toxic substances in the environment and the identification of health risks to the population. Biological monitoring often uses indirect methods of identifying and measuring substances, such as analyses of samples of blood, urine, feces, hair, nails, sweat, saliva, or exhaled air and extrapolation from metabolic effects.

biological monitoring

The testing of biological materials—e.g.,  blood, hair, urine, or breath—to identify toxic exposure (e.g, to lead, arsenic, etc.).
References in periodicals archive ?
25] assessed the effectiveness of the respirator on biological monitoring on the health management of lead battery workers.
Biological monitoring of rivers in Thailand: Use and adaptation of the BMWP score.
significantly less biological monitoring than are other habitats.
This advanced technology meets CDC Guidelines for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities (2008), ISO 11140 and 11607 standards for pouch performance, and AMSI/AAMI ST79 Comprehensive Guide to Steam Sterilization and Assurance in Health Care Facilities, When used in conjunction with weekly biological monitoring, Sure-Check pouches provide the highest level of sterility assurance.
Explain acoustic recording, the EAR, and biological monitoring.
The purpose of this review is to summarise the basic concepts associated with biological monitoring using benthic diatoms.
Reports of the giant anteater were collected as a part of a larger study, the Honduran Program of Biological Monitoring, which took place in Honduras during December 2001-June 2005, and in which specific protected areas of Honduras were monitored for terrestrial mammals.
There is evidence from biological monitoring of Gulf veterans that DU exposures likely to adversely affect health were very unlikely to occur, even for those in the Royal Society's highest risk exposure category: those in a vehicle hit by a DU munition.
Their duties will include leading guided walks, undertaking footpath maintenance work and biological monitoring.
They describe the various kinds of environmental biological monitoring and types of significant biomarkers; biomonitoring of freshwater environments; marine organisms that serve well as biomarkers; biomarkers for human biomonitoring, including chemical elements, polychlorinated biphenyls, solvents, pesticides and aromatic amines; and multivariate approaches to biomonitoring studies, including supervised and unsupervised pattern recognition.
EPA 1996a, 1996b) has developed occupational and exposure test guidelines that include guidance for biological monitoring studies.

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