halys in tree fruit with enhanced biological control
As biological control
becomes more prevalent in pest management, it will become increasingly important to anticipate interactions between biological control
agents (Kaya, 1990; Kaya et al., 1995; Rosenheim et al., 1995).
and Lockley, T., Spiders as biological control
Majority of pests are attacked by a variety of species of natural enemies, and their conservation is the principal way to successfully use biological control
. Pesticide use, habitat manipulation and selective timing are key conservation approaches.
Agency researchers have determined that the surfaces on plums are able to harbor several species of yeast that have potential for use as biological controls
against the brown rot disease found on stone fruits.
With a significant increase in the commercial use of integrated crop/pest management (ICM/IPM) methods for disease and pet control on many crops worldwide, a concomitant demand has emerged for mass-produced biological control
agents and improvement in knowledge and technology.
The results illustrated that 87.5% of apple growers were in contact with agricultural servicing centers and extension experts and 70% of apple growers with a mean ranking of 1.30 stressed that training courses regarding pests management held in their villages so that 57.55% of them attended in those training courses and declared that those courses concerning pests management have been useful since topics were taught about pruning, pests biological control
, precise time of spraying, authentic irrigation method, etc.
cautella larvae as essential step in the development of biological control
approaches against this pest.
The farmers are now also using cultural, mechanical, physical, biological control
in addition to chemical methods of pest control in Pakistan (Khaliq, 2005).
Keywords: Lythrum salicaria, Galerucella, Nanophyes marmoratus, Hylobius transversovittatus, biological control
, invasive species, geospatial distribution
This ability to affect the development of the hosts gives to the parasitoids a potential value to be used in biological control
programs (Coudron and Brandt 1996).
The objective was to create awareness and improve skills for the participating farmers, researchers and students on Pasteuria technologies developed by the Department for the biological control
of root knot nematodes in vegetables.