biological chemistry


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chemistry

(kem'i-stre) [Ult. fr Gr. chemeia, alchemy]
The science dealing with the molecular and atomic structure of matter and the composition of substances (their formation, decomposition, and transformations). chemical (kem'i-kal), adjective

analytical chemistry

Chemistry concerned with the detection of chemical substances (qualitative analysis) or the determination of the amounts of substances (quantitative analysis) in a compound.

biological chemistry

Biochemistry.

colloid chemistry

The chemistry of emulsions, mists, foams, and suspensions.

combinatorial chemistry

The manufacturing of molecules having specific sizes, shapes, or functional characteristics using computer-aided algorithms or design rules.

computational chemistry

The use of mathematical formulas to simulate or study a variety of chemical characteristics, including a compound's electronic structure, geometry, potential energy, and kinetic rate constants.

general chemistry

The study of the entire field of chemistry with emphasis on fundamental concepts or laws.

inorganic chemistry

The chemistry of compounds not containing carbon.

nuclear chemistry

Radiochemistry; the study of changes that take place within the nucleus of an atom, esp. when the nucleus is bombarded by electrons, neutrons, or other subatomic particles.

organic chemistry

The branch of chemistry dealing with substances that contain carbon compounds.

pathological chemistry

The study of chemical changes induced by disease processes (e.g., changes in the chemistry of organs and tissues, blood, secretions, or excretions).

pharmaceutical chemistry

The chemistry of medicines, their composition, synthesis, analysis, storage, and actions.

physical chemistry

Theoretical chemistry; the chemistry concerned with fundamental laws underlying chemical changes and the mathematical expression of these laws.

physiological chemistry

The subdivision of biochemistry concerned with chemical processes in living organisms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vance, "Disruption of the phosphatidylserine decarboxylase gene in mice causes embryonic lethality and mitochondrial defects," Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Faissner; Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2011; 286 (18): 16321 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.201095.
Biology faculty drafted questions, some of which required the students to do some research outside of class, related to The Road and also related to topics such as ecology, health, and biological chemistry that are traditionally taught in life science courses, and included five of these questions on final exams.
The licensed technologies, which were developed jointly by scientists in the Laboratory for Translational Research and the Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, each of Harvard Medical School, comprise small molecule inhibitors of translation initiation, a new paradigm in target- specific, non-cytotoxic anti-cancer therapy, and the use of translation initiation-specific biomarkers to assess tumor sensitivity to anti-cancer therapy with this novel class of anti-cancer drugs.
The desire to learn more about sulforaphane led Pierre Coulombe, Ph.D., Professor of Biological Chemistry at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, to his colleague, Paul Talalay, M.D., Professor of Pharmacology at the university, who had previously identified sulforaphane as a cancer-preventive agent.
He also serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Journal of Pathology, Clinical Proteomics, Clinical Biochemist Reviews, American Journal of Clinical Pathology, and Biochemical Journal.
Preusch, Division of Pharmacology, Physiology, and Biological Chemistry, NIGMS, Bldg 45, Rm 2AS.43C, MSC 6200, Bethesda, MD 20892-6200 USA, 301-594-5938, fax: 301-480-2802, e-mail: preuschp@nigms.nih.gov; Claudia Thompson, NIEHS, DERT/OPD/CEMBB, MD EC-21, PO Box 12233, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 USA, 919-541-4638, fax: 919-541-4606, e-mail: thompsol@niehs.nih.gov; Becky Costello, ODS, NIH, Bldg 31, Rm 1B25, MSC 2086, Bethesda, MD 20892-2086 USA, 301-435-2920, fax: 301-480-1845, e-mail: costellb@od.nih.gov.
As reported in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, the team who conducted the research said that curcumin was more effective in preventing the build up of plaque in the brain than many of the leading drugs that are currently being tested.
Kinexus Bioinformatics Corporation, Vancouver, a Canadian proteomics company, has announced the validation of its unique approach for protein kinase drug target discovery with the publication of its latest research findings in the September printed issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry. The human genome is known to encode over 500 different protein kinases, which are the key regulatory enzymes inside of cells that catalyze the phosphorylation of proteins at about 100,000 different sites to reversibly control their functional activities.
By treating Sca-1 cells from the hearts of adult mice with oxytocin, the group found that the cells expressed genes of cardiac transcription factors and started beating spontaneously in four weeks, according to a report by the researchers published recently in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.
Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2000; volume 275, number 5, pages 3693-3698.
Research published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry (In Press) has found that PIs inhibit insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in adipocytes (fat cells).

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