biofouling


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biofouling

(bī′ō-fou′lĭng)
n.
The impairment or degradation of something, such as a ship's hull or mechanical equipment, as a result of the growth or activity of living organisms.

bi′o·foul′er n.
References in periodicals archive ?
The presence of biofouling over the surface of a benthic organism may increase competition by space or food supply and may also affect growth and reproduction (Jackson and Buss, 1975; Orth and van Montfrans, 1984).
Biofouling is kept to a light slime at most, greatly reducing the fuel penalty, saving large amounts of fuel and thus cutting GHG emissions by 20% or more.
The authors have recently reported on a comprehensive biofouling laboratory evaluation of a combinatorial library of siloxane--polyurethane coatings analyzed after 19 days of water imrnersion.
recognize the optimal factors for biofouling development and adhesion,
We thus recommend the following actions to mitigate possible contamination of groundwater and soil as well as biofouling of fuel-management systems:
Further chapters are devoted to microbiological fouling in cooling and membrane-based systems, with coverage of bacterial species, mechanisms of biofouling, and criteria for selecting biocides for water treatment applications.
Also known as biofouling, it costs the marine industry millions of pounds every year, slowing ships down and wasting fuel.
Agents such as 2-AIT also lend themselves to solving environmental biofilm problems including the biofouling of ship hulls and plugging of waterlines by microbes such as Escherichia coli and Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Proteobacter, and Actinobacteria species.
Biofouling on underwater engineered structures, especially on ship hulls, results in increased operational and maintenance costs (1).