biodiesel


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biodiesel

An alternative fuel for internal combustion engines, which is produced from soybean, rapeseed, corn and other plant oils, as well as animal fats.

Pros
Fewer sulphur fumes, particulate matter,and carcinogens when subjected to internal combustion than petroleum-based fuels.
 
Cons
Unlikely to replace petroleum products given the potential demand; high costs of producing biodiesel from food crops.
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Biodiesel is often considered as the alternative for fossil fuel which can be derived from vegetables, animal fats and greases.
A renewable fuel, biodiesel releases fewer emissions of harmful pollutants, ultimately reducing the risk of asthma and other respiratory diseases.
In the recent years, there are some studies about wear and lubricity properties of biodiesel based on four-ball testing and high-frequency reciprocating rig (HFRR) [12].
Therefore, biodiesel might become a good alternative for sustainable environmental development as well as used in the transportation sector, almost providing 82% of biodiesel required for EU.
The B10 programme will contribute to reducing the emission of carbon dioxide by 10 per cent per year from the total number of diesel vehicles in the country, he said when launching the B10 Biodiesel Programme for the Transportation Sector at Dataran Putra here.
The biodiesel synthesis included steps that lead to product loss such as rinsing, drying and filtering, however the yield for the six synthesized biodiesel products was between 88 - 92%.
Biodiesel has received considerable attention as an alternative energy resource in the past few years due to its biodegradable, non toxic and environmental friendly nature [8-10].
In 2002, Minnesota became the first state in the nation to require that all diesel fuel sold in the state contain at least a 2% blend (B2) of biodiesel, a move that opened up doors for other states not just across the Midwest, but the country as a whole.
Biodiesel can be defined as a biofuel that has come out as second choice for us to conventional petroleum product [1].
The ultrasound method makes biodiesel quickly in a continuous process.
Biofuel production reached to 105 billion liters in 2010, and biofuels provide huge amount of the world's fuel for transport purpose, which is made up of ethanol and biodiesel. Globally production of ethanol fuel reached to 86 billion liters in 2010.
At minimum, the equipment you'll need for home biodiesel production is a stainless steel reactor tank, a wash station to remove the coproducts, and containers for storing the resulting fuel.