biodegradation


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

biodegradation

 [bi″o-deg″rah-da´shun]
the series of processes by which living systems render chemicals less noxious to the environment.

bi·o·trans·for·ma·tion

(bī'ō-trans'fōr-mā'shŭn),
The conversion of molecules from one form to another within an organism, often associated with change (increase, decrease, or little change) in pharmacologic activity; refers especially to drugs and other xenobiotics.
Synonym(s): biodegradation

biodegradation

/bio·deg·ra·da·tion/ (-deg″rah-da´shun) the series of processes by which living systems render chemicals less noxious to the environment.

biodegradation

The breakdown of any material (e.g., an organic chemical), to a simpler nontoxic form, usually understood to be by bacterial action.

bi·o·trans·for·ma·tion

(bī'ō-trans'fŏr-mā'shŭn)
The conversion of molecules from one form to another within an organism, often associated with change in pharmacologic activity; refers especially to drugs and other xenobiotics.
Synonym(s): biodegradation.

biodegradation

the breaking down of inorganic and organic substances by biological action, a process usually involving bacteria and fungi, which are known as SAPROBIONTS when the substrate is biological.

biodegradation

the series of processes by which living systems render chemicals less noxious to the environment.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the interaction parameters determined indicated that the 5-MR had a greater effect of inhibition on the resorcinol biodegradation than resorcinol had on the biodegradation of 5-MR (shown in Table 5).
Effects of alternate salts on the biodegradation of phenol were determined by addition of the 5 % individual salts such as KCl, [Na.
Efficient Biodegradation of HighMolecular-Weight Polyethylene Glycols by Pure Cultures of Pseudomonas stutzeri.
ENSO bottles have also been tested and validated through an accredited third-party laboratory using ASTM D 5511 Standard Test Methods, a standard for biodegradation testing in anaerobic environments.
Oxo-Biodegradable plastics degrade in the presence of sunlight and continue to breakdown by oxidative degradation and biodegradation in the environment.
Ainsi, le but de ce travail est l'etude cinetique de la biodegradation du phenol par des granules aerobies, particulierement ce qui concerne l'inhibition a des concentrations elevees de cette molecule.
polythene and polypropylene)--materials that are resistant to biodegradation.
0, indicating that the biodegradation of heavy oil took place under aerobic condition (Table 1).
The time of the experiments was not long enough for complete biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons and the reduction of the hydrocarbon concentrations was about 50-70%.
thermovulgaris belongs to the thermophilic streptomycetes, which do not grow at temperatures <37[degrees]C and are believed to affect biodegradation of organic waste products at higher temperatures (6).
Under current laws, chemical companies must submit biodegradation studies to government authorities for new products.
Biodegradation Microbes in water feed on compounds in oil, breaking it down into water-soluble compounds.