biocomputing


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biocomputing

(bī′ō-kŏm-pyo͞o′tĭng)
n.
1. The use of cells or biological molecules such as DNA to perform the functions of an electronic computer. Also called biological computing.

biocomputing

(1) The use of computers to decipher various aspects of biological molecules—e.g., to determine molecular structure, energy states and dynamics.
(2) The computing activities and research on biochemical or biological phenomena—e.g., neural networking, biosensors and molecular design.
(3) The use of biomolecules—e.g., DNA and proteins—to perform complex calculations involving storing, retrieving and processing of data.

biocomputing

broadly, the use of computers for any biological purpose including data storage and analysis, see BIOINFORMATICS; addressing biological questions, for example using computer chips, such as DNA CHIPS/DNA MICROARRAYS and PROTEIN CHIPS, computer modelling, animations, virtual laboratories and so on. Conversely, the use of biological processes as a model for developing new computing systems (biologically-inspired computing).
References in periodicals archive ?
In Proceedings of the Pacific Symposium of Biocomputing (PSB01), 2001.
Advanced computational methods for biocomputing and bioimaging.
Freeman, including: 'Making Sense of Brain Waves: The Most Baffling Frontier in Neuroscience', lecture to the International Conference on Biocomputing, University of Gainesville, FL, 25-27 February 2001; How Brains Make up their Minds (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1999); Neurodynamics: An Exploration of Mesoscopic Brain Dynamics (London: Springer, 2000); and, with J.
Commenting on your October 2005 article regarding biocomputing simulation, there is a similar collaborative effort by BOINC, and another by IBM called GRID.
Even the name of the field varies: Bioinformatics, theoretical biology, biocomputing, or computational biology are just a few of the terms used.
These agreements are expected to provide the biocomputing capacity and connectivity to help with the development of novel tools and technologies for high throughput proteomic analysis and the rapid screening of antibody and small molecule drug candidates for improved specificity.
The infrastructure includes major installations such as synchrotrons, ultra intense lasers and particle colliders, as well as supercomputers for biocomputing, GRID-type (the Internet of tomorrow with broadband networks and supercomputers with a high data storage capacity), architectures for scientific co-operation, data-bases for social sciences, virtual libraries or networks of ecological reserves for biodiversity.
Arranged alphabetically and with extensive indexes and cross-references, including a 70-page general index and a 12-page name index, the Encyclopedia features 900 illustrations, including 16 pages of full-color photographs that illustrate the latest techniques used in biocomputing, CD-ROM technology, computer-aided engineering, and computer art.
The period from 2030 through the 2050s in manufacturing will be typified by the developments of microfabrication, virtual marketing and testing, and biocomputing.
I believe the key success factors in this experience, the GNAVSNS BioComputing course (www.