biochip


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biochip

(bī′ō-chĭp′)
n.
1. An array of miniaturized chemical or biological test sites that is arranged on a substrate so that many tests can be performed simultaneously and that is used to sequence genes, analyze proteins, and identify toxins.
2. A computer chip made from organic molecules rather than semiconductors.

biochip

A microscale system for bioanalysis based on integrated circuit technology.
 
Examples
Molecular microarrays—gene chips, protein chips, small molecule chips; microfluidics systems—lab-on-a-chip; fibre-optic-based arrays.

biochip

see DNA CHIP.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Manufacturing Systems Used in Biochip Manufacture II-12
A lot of people are working on this, so even if we fail, the biochips will still be a part of the future.
Technavio's report, Global Biochips Market 2016-2020, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts.
In clinical trials, the differential immuno-capture biochip achieved more than 90 percent correlation with a flow cytometer for both CD4+ T cells for CD8+ T cell counts using HIV-infected blood samples.
Dr Kasak and his colleagues, Dr Jaroslav Filip and Josef from CAM, in collaboration, with Dr Jan Tkac and Dr Katrlik from Slovak Academy of Sciences, had been engaged in developing lectin biochips for cancer diagnosis under the National Priorities Research Programme of Qatar National Research Fund for the last three years.
It could be possible to use these biochips to carry out the screening of multiple biomarkers for individual patients, all at once and in parallel, with unprecedented sensitivity," Pacifici noted.
Both are taking advantage of the advanced microfluidics of the patented Geniom Biochip to offer the highest degree of automation, flexibility and efficiency available.
The biochip reportedly enables researches to use a range of suspension cell samples, including T-cells, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, platelets and whole blood (heparanized).
Dr Ki Bang Lee, who heads the research team at the Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology in Singapore, said: 'We are striving to develop cheap, disposable credit card-sized biochips for disease detection.
Protein arrays are constructed on the surface of a biochip, and a carrier component transports biochips to different treatment stations within the analyzer.
Li designed and fabricated the biochip lab to make single cell analysis a reality.
3] features a new optical detection method that allows fast label-free detection in most application areas of biochip and proteomics research.