Such wingless, ballistic shapes had the advantage of simplicity, but serious disadvantages if anything other than basic bioastronautics was the goal.
(49) This idea recurred when bioastronautics requirements firmed up in 1960.
NASA is aware of such challenges, as indicated by Recommendation 4.2 in the Executive Summary of The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Bioastronautics
Roadmap: "How to support the extensive behavioral research program that would be necessary to validate processes or countermeasures such as select-in/select-out criteria (both for individual crew members and for a composite crew), issues related to cultural diversity, crew interactions, and isolation or stress-induced hazards.
Upon completion, the students presented their plans to the presentation evaluators, Scott Smith and Don Hagan, researchers with NASA's Office of Bioastronautics
at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, TX.
Lisa Reed, an adjunct professor at Webster University in Space Bioastronautics
, trained Collins and other crewmembers at the Johnson Space Center in Houston for the 1999 STS-93 mission, saying, "NASA did a good job.
They have been replaced with courses like assertiveness training for corporate tigers, bioastronautics
or how to have fun while filling out purchase requisition forms.