Bioactive food components
have a wide range of chemical structures, of which many are found in plants.
From food science research will come insight into which bioactive food components effect genetic changes and how.
The initial impact of nutrigenomics on dietetics will be felt increasingly over the next decade and then will escalate as the research foundation clarifies the interactions among genes, environment and bioactive food components and provides the basis for using these food components to effect desirable outcomes.
Dietary fatty acids, phytoestrogens, alcohol, and lycopene are among the various bioactive food components
reported to influence androgen concentrations.
In addition, increases in the dietary intake of certain bioactive food components can ameliorate the severity of certain diseases, such as prebiotics in digestive disease and fish oils in inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
The role of specific nutrients or bioactive food components on breast cancer risk still remains obscure.
He says: "Overall, we are trying to understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the development of fat cells in the body, especially by bioactive food components
, with the goal to find therapeutic strategies for not only preventing chronic diseases such as obesity, cancer and heart disease, but promoting overall health.
In addition, the report calls for expanded research on traditional nutrients, other bioactive food components
and the intersection of genomics and molecular nutrition.
In addition, clinical trials of therapies for cancer treatment, including but not limited to herbal therapies, dietary supplements, bioactive food components
, or unconventional pharmacological and biological interventions (e.g.
Using the example of the omega-3 fatty acid EPA, Dr Halperin from Harvard argued that bioactive food components
can show how gene action can occur at a number of levels and thus how food may have an impact on a number of diseases.
1: Assessing the Health Effects of Bioactive Food Components
, Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health, contact: Leila Saldanha, 301-435-2920; Fax: 301-480-1845; E-mail: email@example.com.