2 Leonardi R, Annunziata A, Licciardello V, Barbato E, Soft tissue changes following the extraction of premolars in nongrowing patients with bimaxillary protrusion. A systematic review, Angle Orthod.
Treatment of a class I malocclusion with severe bimaxillary protrusion. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop, 2004, 126(6); 739-46.
7 Keating PJ, The treatment of bimaxillary protrusion. A cepha- lometric consideration of changes in the inter-incisal angle and soft tissue profile, Br J Orthod.
28 Tan TJ, Profile changes following orthodontic correction of bimaxillary protrusion with a preadjusted edgewise appliance, Int J Adult Orthodon Orthognath Surg.
Patients with bimaxillary protrusion demonstrate dentoalveolar flaring of both maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth, with increased procumbency of lips, excessive vermilion show of upper and lower lips and lip strain on closure.12 The proclination of upper and lower incisors is due to the soft tissue pattern.
Bimaxillary protrusion in Black Americans-an esthetic evaluation and the treatment considerations.
Surgical Approach to the patient with Bimaxillary Protrusion. Clin Plast Surg 2007; 34: 535-46