Although it is rarely observed, it has the potential for significant complications and can cause morbidity, such as biloma
, biliary fistula, and sepsis, and occasionally mortality (1).
It was observed that the development of biloma
, abscess, biliary fistula and biliary stenosis did not statistically affect the hospitalization period (p>0.05).
These blunt trauma complications include: haematoma rupture, intra-abdominal abscess, bowel obstruction or ileus, biliary leakage and/or biloma
and abdominal compartment syndrome.
reported that TAE with liquid embolic agents for the treatment of hepatic hemangioma could cause severe bile duct injuries and infarction.[sup] Theoretically, the rate of TAE related complications should be higher in using the mixture of NBCA and iodized oil than that of using coils embolization.[sup], However, these liver TAE-related complications such as hepatic infarction, biloma
, abscess, and bile duct injuries, reported by others,[sup], did not occur in our study.
Ruptured cholecystitis with intrahepatic biloma
containing multiple gallstones.
Given that the majority of injuries is not noticeable until the postoperative period (5) and development of complications such as cholangitis, peritonitis, biliary fistula, biloma
or abscess, the patient should first be stabilized, the aforementioned complications treated (percutaneous hepatic drainage, percutaneous biloma
or abscess drainage, antibiotic therapy) and surgery started after alleviating the symptoms of inflammation (10).
One of the most important complications of TACE is hepatobiliary damage (HBD) with liver insufficiency, hepatic abscess, intrahepatic biloma
formation, and so forth due to the occlusion of the PVP by LPD and/or the toxicity of the mixed anticancer drugs on vascular endothelial cells [26-31].
A review article by Ikeuchi and Itoi involving 38 studies reported that the most common complication of EUS-CDS procedures was peritonitis, and other complications included pneumoperitonitis, bleeding, bile leakage, perforation, abdominal pain, biloma
, cholangitis, pancreatitis, hemobilia, and stent misplacement.
apiospermum isolated from the perihepatic, perinephric, and biloma
After the operation all the patients were followed for four to five weeks and complications particularly wound infection, jaundice, biloma
formation, intra-abdominal abscess and port site hernia were the targets remained under consideration.
In the present study, leakage was defined as the presence of biloma
formation on ERCP or MRI.