bilirubinemia


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Related to bilirubinemia: bilirubinuria

bilirubinemia

 [bil″ĭ-roo″bĭ-ne´me-ah]
the presence of bilirubin in the blood.

bil·i·ru·bi·ne·mi·a

(bil'i-rū-bin-ē'mē-ă),
The presence of bilirubin in the blood, where it is normally present in relatively small amounts; the term is usually used in relation to increased concentrations observed in various pathologic conditions with excessive destruction of erythrocytes or interference with the mechanism of excretion in the bile. Determination of the quantity of bilirubin in the blood serum reveals two fractions, namely direct reacting (conjugated) and indirect reacting (nonconjugated) bilirubin; determination of conjugated and total bilirubin in serum is an important and frequently used clinical laboratory test.
[bilirubin + G. haima, blood]

bilirubinaemia

A term which, when used with a qualifier (e.g., hyper-), dignifies the presence, overabundance or absence of bilirubin in the blood.

bil·i·ru·bi·ne·mi·a

(bil'i-rū-bin-ē'mē-ă)
The presence of increased amounts of bilirubin in the blood, where it is normally present in only relatively small amounts; usually used to describe various pathologic conditions in which there is excessive destruction of erythrocytes or interference with the mechanism of excretion in the bile. Determination of the quantity of bilirubin in the blood serum reveals two fractions, namely direct reacting (conjugated) and indirect reacting (nonconjugated) bilirubin; determination of direct bilirubin and total bilirubin in serum is an important and frequently used clinical laboratory test.
Synonym(s): bilirubinaemia.
[bilirubin + G. haima, blood]

bil·i·ru·bi·ne·mi·a

(bil'i-rū-bin-ē'mē-ă)
The presence of increased amounts of bilirubin in the blood, where it is normally present in only relatively small amounts; usually used to describe various pathologic conditions in which there is excessive destruction of erythrocytes or interference with the mechanism of excretion in the bile.
Synonym(s): bilirubinaemia.
[bilirubin + G. haima, blood]
References in periodicals archive ?
Elevated liver enzymes including aspartate aminotransferase and total alkaline phosphatase in conjunction with bilirubinemia also indicated liver damage as shown in Table 2.
Other morbidities, including sepsis, bilirubinemia, and ventilator use, were slightly less likely in the vaginal delivery group, but the differences were not statistically significant.
Other causes include bilirubin from lysed red cells or bilirubinemia, increased CSF protein, carotenoids, melanin, and contamination by a skin disinfectant.
Interference by lipemia and bilirubinemia with the results attained using mechanical detection should not occur.
Hemolysis 2.0 What was the degree of hemolysis if present: mild, moderate, cu\/U m Bilirubinemia 2.0 severe.
The presence of high conjugated bilirubinemia, in addition to a less prominent unconjugated biliru-binemia in these patients may be attributed more to the hepatitis than hemolytic anemia in these patients.
Bilirubinemia influencing front-face ZnPPIX determinations depends on the instrument (7,8), use of intact vs lysed specimens (9), or washing of intact cells before use (10).
Jaundice beyond 3 weeks of age must be evaluated for elevated direct bilirubinemia and cholestasis and the newborn screen results should be checked for hypothyroidism and galactosemia.
Decreased Sp|O.sub.2~ readings can also result from a change in sensor position, from radio frequency interference while using an electrocautery knife, from interference as a result of ambient light during phototherapy, from bilirubinemia, or from skin breakdown secondary to the use of adhesives.
Nonetheless, the identification of infants at risk for hyper bilirubinemia and early intervention can reduce the number of infants needing readmission for evaluation and treatment, which can have other psychosocial benefits for the parents, including the avoidance of the "vulnerable child" syndrome.