References in periodicals archive ?
Instead of advancements of the surgical techniques, repair of mitral regurgitation caused by anterior valve or bileaflet valve prolapse is still a challenge for cardiac surgeons and the results are largely surgeon dependent (2,3).
The incidence of complications related to the Starr-Edwards valve, especially thromboembolism was higher compared with the bileaflet valves (3-5).
Older prostheses such as the caged-ball valves pose a greater risk than newer bileaflet valves (Cannegieter et al 1995).