Bile acids are normally secreted from hepatocytes across the canalicular membrane via the bile salt
export protein (BSEP), as well as the Phase III transporter MRP2.
The median predicted bile salt
hydrolase (BSH) gene abundance in rCDI was 20% of the median value in controls (P = .001), and it also was significantly lower than in fCDI (P = .001).
D30 The added duodenal juice also contained D60 889 unit lipase activity/mL and 2.4 D120 mM bile salts
. All the digestion steps from G40 to D120 were followed by the preceding digestion step(s).
We focused on the inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase, the rate-controlling enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis, as well on the balance between circulating lipoprotein-cholesterol levels, bile flow and on levels of cholesterol, phospholipids and bile salts
secreted in bile.
Second, bile salt
micelles can act as carriers for fatty acids and HOCs, which are able to traverse the unstirred water layer (UWL) along the intestinal wall (9,23).
In addition to the biorelevant media, pharmacopeial media and blank media not including the bile salts
and phospholipids were also used to assess the pH effects.
mirabilis, Whitby, et al., 1945; MacConkey, et al., 1999; Sokokski, and Stapert, 1963 and Williams, 1973, have been used numerous media to prevent this swarming, among these are very dry plate, MacConkey medium containing bile salt
, ferrous ions and P-nitrophenyl glycerin.
When it spots one, it fires off an injection of vinegar or bile salts
to kill the starfish, with no harm to the reef.
Taurine is linked to bile acids in the liver to form bile salts
. During digestion, these compounds are secreted into the small intestine, where they function to aid in fat digestion.
Betjes and Bajema (2006) reported that elevated plasma concentrations of bile salts
and bilirubin might be responsible for induction of nephrotoxicity.
Stock solutions (SS) of bile salts
(1.5g/l) and lysozyme (100ug/ml) were prepared.
The divers inject the starfish with a solution of bile salts
or white vinegar, which kill the starfish without hurting other marine life.