bile duct obstruction


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Related to bile duct obstruction: cholangitis, Gallstones, Bile duct cancer

biliary obstruction

A blockage of the bile ducts with accumulation of bile in the liver.
 
Clinical findings
Colicky upper right-quadrant pain, jaundice, itching, dark-coloured urine.

Aetiology
Stone, tumour, pancreas (tumours or pancreatitis), cholecystitis, bile duct cysts, trauma, bile duct stricture, enlarged lymph nodes.

bile duct obstruction

Most cases are caused by gallstones or by cancer of the head of the PANCREAS. Signs are pale stools, dark urine, progressive yellow colouring of the skin by deposition of bile pigments (JAUNDICE), itching and loss of appetite and weight.
References in periodicals archive ?
Scheuer, "Prolonged bile duct obstruction: a new experimental model for cirrhosis in the rat," British Journal of Experimental Pathology, vol.
TORONTO -- Magnetic resonance imaging is as effective for ruling out bile duct obstructions and stones as the conventional endoscopic method, based on results from a randomized study of 257 patients.
Lee et al., "Comparison of the efficacy of covered versus uncovered metallic stents in treating inoperable malignant common bile duct obstruction: a randomized trial," Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, vol.
In the first case, the patient had a very short history of portal hypertension and radiological findings clearly demonstrated by extrahepatic bile duct obstruction that resulted in intrahepatic biliary duct dilatation, sludge and calculi formation.
Prospective evaluation of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with suspected bile duct obstruction. 1998; Gut 43: 680-683
As opposed to bile duct obstruction caused by an internal stone, Mirizzi syndrome is defined as duct obstruction due to external compression from a stone or inflammation in the infundibulum of the gallbladder or a cholecysto-choledochal fistula, said Dr.
Cotton, "Randomised trial of endoscopic stenting versus surgical bypass in malignant low bile duct obstruction," The Lancet, vol.
Furthermore, the procedure can be used in cases with inaccessible papilla because of malignant duodenal stenosis or with complete lower bile duct obstruction. According to a systemic review [10], the cumulative technical success rate, functional success rate, and the adverse event rate associated with EUS-BD are 94.71%, 91.66%, and 23.32%, respectively.
Bile duct obstruction due to portal biliopathy in extrahepatic portal hypertension: Surgical management.
Overall, after all diagnostic tests were completed, it was found that about a third of the patients in the study did not have a bile duct obstruction. How MRCP and ERCP Compare Overall diagnostic Sensitivity Specificity accuracy For diagnosing bile MRCP 96.0% 85.5% 89.7% duct obstruction ERCP 87.2% 100% 93.7% For diagnosing MRCP 85.7% 89.5% 88.8% choledocholithiasis ERCP 84.6% 100% 94.7% For ruling out MRCP 98.0% 89.3% 93.5% disease ERCP 86.8% 100% 93.7% Source: Dr.
Once biliary sludge formed, bile duct obstruction is aggravated.
Patients with jaundice due to irresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma underwent percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) and biliary stenting as the initial procedure, while those with bile duct obstruction below the hilum had endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and stenting as the initial procedure.