bilateral oophorectomy

bilateral oophorectomy

The removal of two or more ovaries.

Indications
• Prophylaxis—women at increased risk of ovarian cancer (e.g., those with high-risk BRCA1 mutations), which reduces the risk of ovarian cancer and breast cancer. In women with high-risk BRCA2 mutations, oophorectomy is less clearly beneficial.
• Endometriosis—as a last resort.
• Sterilisation—rarely performed in practice.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

bilateral oophorectomy

Gyneology The removal of two or more ovaries. See TAH-BSO.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the Pelvic Anatomy and Gynecologic Surgery Symposium, she highlighted a 2009 study of nearly 30,000 nurses who'd undergone hysterectomy for benign disease, about which the authors wrote that, "compared with ovarian conservation, bilateral oophorectomy at the time of hysterectomy for benign disease is associated with a decreased risk of breast and ovarian cancer but an increased risk of all-cause mortality, fatal and nonfatal coronary heart disease, and lung cancer." No age group gained a survival benefit from oophorectomy (Obstet Gynecol.
She underwent abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy. Microscopic examination revealed biphasic tumours exhibiting sarcomatous overgrowth with rhabdomyoblastic differentiation.
Prophylactic bilateral oophorectomy (BO) reduces the risk of future ovarian cancer in women who have BRCA1 gene mutations.
Exclusion criteria included hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy at baseline, or pregnancy at baseline.
A new study suggests that women with higher ACE scores are more likely to choose to have both ovaries removed as part of a hysterectomy (called a "bilateral oophorectomy").
And the patient underwent a palliative operation including bilateral oophorectomy and right hemicolectomy.
Meanwhile, bilateral oophorectomy resulted in a lower trabecular bone volume fraction (BV/TV) in the proximal tibia of the sham-OVX animals.
Consequently, our two synchronous KT patients received cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intra-abdominal chemotherapy and our metachronous KT patient received laparoscopic bilateral oophorectomy. No recurrences have so far been detected in any patient.
Prophylactic bilateral oophorectomy or removal of remaining ovary at the time of hysterectomy in the United States, 1979-2004.
Of 676 women with stage I and II breast cancer who had a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, 345 underwent bilateral oophorectomy (ovary removal) after the diagnosis of breast cancer and 331 retained both ovaries.
Different theories have been postulated for recurrence of endometriosis in women who have undergone surgical menopause, such as ovarian remnant syndrome (ORS), wherein part of the ovarian tissue has been left behind after bilateral oophorectomy which continues to produce hormone and stimulate the ectopic endometrial implant.

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