Predisposing factors that lead to IE during pregnancy include previous cardiac structure abnormalities like congenital bicuspid
aortic valve as in our case, IV drug abuse, periodontal disease and local infection.4 It can occur after normal delivery or during miscarriage.
Aortic and left ventricular remodeling in patients with bicuspid
aortic valve without significant valvular dysfunction: a prospective study.
In 2 cases , including ours, the affected valve was the aortic valve, which was bicuspid
. However, in other cases, endocarditis seemed to attack the atrioventricular valves [10-14, 16-19].
In summary, we report a neonate with severe NS phenotypes including myeloproliferative disorder, transient thrombocytopenia, a secundum atrial septal defect, moderate perimembranous ventricular septal defect, dysplastic mitral and tricuspid valves, bicuspid
aortic valve and mild hypoplastic aortic arch, pylorospasm, splenic cyst, and a horseshoe kidney.
Estimation of the sizes of unerupted cuspid and bicuspid
Congenital malformations of the aortic root: bicuspid
aortic valve in combination with unruptured aneurysm of the left sinus of Valsalva and aberrant left coronary artery.
Aortic Valve: An Unusual Cause of Aneurysm of Left Coronary Sinus of Valsalva.
Lactobacillus paracasei endocarditis in a consumer of probiotics with advanced and severe bicuspid
aortic valve stenosis complicated with diffuse left ventricular mid-layer fibrosis.
The risk of aortic stenosis rises not only with age but also in people with congenital defects, such as a bicuspid
aortic valve (which has two leaflets instead of three), or those with scarring from rheumatic fever.
Three treatment options were considered: extraction of upper first bicuspids
and lower left first and right second bicuspids
, extraction of the lower first bicuspid
with mandibular advancement surgery, and extraction of one lower incisor.
Other associated abnormalities include bicuspid
valve, coarctation of the aorta, cor triatriatum, and cardiac septal defects .
(2017) Number of patients 1 6 Skeletal malformations Short stature + - (0/6) Fractures - + (4/6) Anteverted nares + Small upturned nose + Hypertelorism + Frontal bossing + Short proximal bones + Hypermobile joints + Dislocating joints - + (3/6) Joint laxity - Diffuse demineralisation - Downslanting palpebral fissures + Congenital heart defects + (3/7) Ventricular septal defect + Pulmonary stenosis + Bicuspid
aortic valve - Aortic root dilation - Mitral valve prolapse - Neurological Small anterior pituitary + Partially empty sella Other features TSH abnormality - Cognitive delay - Stillborn sibling + GH deficiency + Congenital sensorineural deafness + Ketotic hypoglycaemia + Phenotype Baasanjav et al.