bicarbonate


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Related to bicarbonate: potassium bicarbonate

bicarbonate

 [bi-kahr´bon-āt]
any salt containing the HCO3 anion.
blood bicarbonate (plasma bicarbonate) the bicarbonate of the blood plasma, an important parameter of acid-base balance measured in blood gas analysis.
bicarbonate of soda sodium bicarbonate.

bi·car·bon·ate

(bī-kar'bon-āt),
HCO3-; the ion remaining after the first dissociation of carbonic acid; a central buffering agent in blood.

bicarbonate

A salt containing the anion HCO3-, which is the most important buffer in the blood, it is regulated by the kidney, which excretes it in excess and retains it when needed; it increases with ingestion of excess anti-acids, diuretics and steroids; it is decreased with diarrhoea, liver disease, renal disease and chemical poisoning.

Specimen
Bicarbonate is usually measured in serum as total CO2.
 
Ref range
24–26 Meq/L.

bicarbonate

HCO3 Nephrology A general term for any salt containing the anion HCO3–, which is the most important buffer in the blood; bicarbonate is regulated by the kidney, which excretes it in excess and retains it when needed; it is ↑ in ingestion of excess antiacids, diuretics, steroids; it is ↓ in diarrhea, liver disease, renal disease, chemical poisoning. See Blood gases.

bi·car·bon·ate

(bī-kahr'bŏn-āt)
The ion remaining after the first dissociation of carbonic acid; a central buffering agent in blood.

bi·car·bon·ate

(bī-kahr'bŏn-āt)
Ion remaining after first dissociation of carbonic acid; central buffering agent in blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
These results suggest that sodium bicarbonate helps reduce the onslaught of acidity from exercise that taxes our muscles.
Duodenal acidity primarily depends on a lesser amount of bicarbonate in the pancreatic juice and bile.
Out of group I (Ciprofloxacin orally with ORS) and II (Ciprofloxacin parenterally and parenteral fluid with sodium bicarbonate), diarrhoeic calves in group II showed better recovery than group I.
Put out fires WHEN sodium bicarbonate gets hot, it gives o carbon dioxide which can help to smother ames, so with small kitchen "res in frying pans, throwing handfuls of it at the base of the ame reportedly helps put it out.
MRFR report states that the global sodium bicarbonate market is segmented on the basis of application, end users and region.
The present study was not designed to address the issue of what is the adequate pre-dialysis serum level of bicarbonate. The Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (DOQI) recommendation of a pre-dialysis serum tC[O.sub.2] level [greater than or equal to]22mEq/L without specifying whether before the first or second session of the week dates from the year 2000 and was not reviewed since then (11).
Mark Sircus said: "We are going back to medical basics with the application of the least expensive, safest and perhaps most effective cancer medicine there is." Sodium bicarbonate has been on many cancer patients' mind this past year.
The scientists found that adding bicarbonate compounds significantly enhanced the pH and water-holding capacity of the processed bulk raw ground beef samples.
"Certainly drinking bicarbonate affects the spleen and we think it's through the mesothelial cells," study co-author Paul O'Connor from Augusta University in Georgia said.
The extractants used in the study were 0.5 M Acetic acid (Korndorfer et al., 1995), Sodium acetate buffer (Morgan, 1941), Ammonium acetate buffer (McIntosh, 1969), Sodium bicarbonate (Olsen et al., 1954), Acidified ammonium fluoride (Bray and Kurtz, 1945) and Anion Exchange Resin (Sibbesen, 1978).
Here's my recipe again for handy reference: Mix one tablespoon of bicarbonate of soda with two and a half tablespoons of vegetable oil and a gallon of water.