is not limited to federal countries, about one third of unitary states too have bicameral legislatures.
at 944-48, and because it violated the constitutional requirement of bicameralism
In the 20th century, the early comparative works on bicameralism
attempted to derive a theory by combining the historical record with the then-contemporary comparative experience.
Instead, defenders of bicameralism
usually argue that the advantage of an upper house is that it "slows down the legislative process, renders abrupt change difficult, forces myopic legislators to have second thoughts, and thereby minimizes arbitrariness and injustice in governmental action.
One should first be reminded of the recent jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court in the sense of traditions of Romanian parliamentarism (Gutan, 2013) that consecrates bicameralism
and the advantages of this structure to the legislative.
Legislative vetoes were the provisions that Congress, in the wake of the New Deal, routinely put into legislation in order to allow either one or both houses of Congress to vote down a particular agency action without going through the bicameralism
and presentment procedures specified by the text of the Constitution.
is an instance of there being a division of power as well as checks and balances.
The question is whether the authorizing statute of EPA or FDIC or anything else permits that kind of self-funding, and then that's the fundamental question, and Congress, of course, is always free to withdraw that by a statute that satisfies itself, bicameralism
and presentment, see Chadha.
The Constitution plainly requires that both houses of Congress must "pass" a bill in order for it to become a law, (26) but does this bicameralism
requirement, set forth in Article I, Section 7, encompass a duty on the part of both houses to take the exact same vote?
71) Under these procedures, a bill may "become a Law" only after traversing the bicameralism
and presentment requirements.
Our unusually complex structure of government--one that combines separation of powers, bicameralism
, and federalism--not only embeds numerous "veto points" in the legislative process, but frustrates accountability by making it nearly impossible for voters to know whom to blame or reward for public policy.
In other words, Congress was not respecting bicameralism
because it gave legislative powers to one committee.