O grupo dos isquiotibiais e frequentemente acometido de estiramentos devido a sua anatomia biarticular
e uma associacao de uma baixa forca excentrica e hipoflexibilidade em movimentos como chutes, sprints e mudancas de direcao (Kujala e colaboradores, 1997).
Few studies have examined the association between HSI and hip ROM in muscles other than biarticular
The extent of the femoral rectum should be at the expense of the hip, without forcing the knee flexion, to involve the biarticular
Therefore, it is possible that dancers experience tightness in biarticular
muscles like hamstrings and gastrocnemius, resulting in knee pain.
It presents a powered biarticular
transtibial prosthesis, which is a combination of a commercial powered ankle-foot prosthesis and a motorized robotic knee orthosis.
One pair consists of biarticulate muscles (from shoulder to forearm), while the other two, respectively, actuate the shoulder or elbow joint (monoarticular shoulder flexors, monoarticular shoulder extensors, monoarticular elbow flexors, monoarticular elbow extensors, biarticular
flexors, and biarticular
Lankhorst, "Two strategies of transferring from sit-to-stand; the activation of monoarticular and biarticular
muscles," Journal of Biomechanics, vol.
Previous research has indicated that the CNS uses kinesthetic information from the biarticular
muscles during multijoint movements; however, the biarticular
muscles generally provide more ambiguous information about limb position and movement than that of the monoarticular muscles .
At the beginning a pathological process takes place at the level of articular cartilage and the further development of degenerative changes induces reactive changes on articulated bone ends, which are usually mono or biarticular
, having larger significance if they occur in lower extremities.
Function of a large biarticular
hip and knee extensor during walking and running in guinea fowl (Numida meleagris).
The muscles most commonly injured in sport are the hamstrings, rectus femoris and medial head of the gastrocnemius, all primarily biarticular
muscles with high proportion of fast-twitch fibers and complex architecture (2).