A group of plant pigments found almost exclusively in the family Centrospermae, for example, betanin. There are two groups: betacyanines (in red-violet plants) and betaxanthins (in yellow plants).
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Betalains and phenolic compounds profiling and antioxidant capacity of pitaya (Stenocereus spp.) fruit from two species (S.
Betalains in the era of global agri-food science, technology and nutritional health.
Ilieva, "Biosynthesis and radical scavenging activity of betalains during the cultivation of red beet (Beta vulgaris) hairy root cultures," Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung--Section C Journal of Biosciences, vol.
Ohmiya, "Biosynthesis of plant pigments: Anthocyanins, betalains and carotenoids," The Plant Journal, vol.
Carle, "Functional properties of anthocyanins and betalains in plants, food, and in human nutrition," Trends in Food Science & Technology, vol.
That deep red color comes from potent antioxidant compounds called betalains, which interfere with the formation of arterial plaque.
Positioned as a "hack" for gamers looking to get a competitive edge, the supplement includes ingredients such as Yamabushitake, a type of medicinal mushroom, CDP choline, acetyl-L-carnitine, betalains; theanine; caffeine; lithium orotate; and the bioavailability enhancer BioPerine.
White 'pitaya' processing to extract the pulp generates a large quantity of residues, such as peels, which can be used for the extraction of betalains (betacyanins and betaxanthins) (Liaotrakoon et al., 2013; Mello et al., 2015).
It could be because red beetroot is a rich source of nitrate and a group of bioactive pigments called betalains, which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
The pigments that give red beets their incandescent hue are called betalains. They're made using an amino acid called tyrosine, the starting material for thousands of compounds made by plants.
Moreover, beets contain phytonutrients known as betalains - betanin and vulgaxanthin - which are effective in reducing inflammation and supplying the body with antioxidants.