That deep red color comes from potent antioxidant compounds called betalains
, which interfere with the formation of arterial plaque.
White 'pitaya' processing to extract the pulp generates a large quantity of residues, such as peels, which can be used for the extraction of betalains
(betacyanins and betaxanthins) (Liaotrakoon et al.
It could be because red beetroot is a rich source of nitrate and a group of bioactive pigments called betalains
, which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
Intrigued by this process, Hiroshi Maeda, a professor at the University of Wisconsin and senior author on the paper, collaborated with beet experts to study how the plants make betalains
Moreover, beets contain phytonutrients known as betalains
- betanin and vulgaxanthin - which are effective in reducing inflammation and supplying the body with antioxidants.
One example of natural products receiving attention in the pharmaceutical market is betalains
2014) found that the extraction of betalains
in red beet (Beta vulgaris) by microwave-assisted extraction were two times higher than those obtained during conventional extraction at 80[degrees]C.
Additionally, Celosia argentea plants are source of a spectrum of valuable chemicals such as antiviral proteins or betalains
, that can be applied in many beneficial ways, i.
Beetroot is good source of anti-oxidants and nutrients, with magnesium, sodium, potassium, vitamin C, and betalains
, the red colour pigment.
The major classes of these natural plant pigments include anthocyanins, betalains
and photosynthetic pigment of carotenoids and chlorophylls.
Acute, subacute and subchronic safety assessment of betalains
rich Rivina humilis L.
constituted red-violet betacyanins and yellow-orange betaxanthins.