Biosynthesis of plant pigments: anthocyanins, betalains
and phenolic compounds profiling and antioxidant capacity of pitaya (Stenocereus spp.) fruit from two species (S.
in the era of global agri-food science, technology and nutritional health.
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That deep red color comes from potent antioxidant compounds called betalains
, which interfere with the formation of arterial plaque.
Positioned as a "hack" for gamers looking to get a competitive edge, the supplement includes ingredients such as Yamabushitake, a type of medicinal mushroom, CDP choline, acetyl-L-carnitine, betalains
; theanine; caffeine; lithium orotate; and the bioavailability enhancer BioPerine.
White 'pitaya' processing to extract the pulp generates a large quantity of residues, such as peels, which can be used for the extraction of betalains
(betacyanins and betaxanthins) (Liaotrakoon et al., 2013; Mello et al., 2015).
It could be because red beetroot is a rich source of nitrate and a group of bioactive pigments called betalains
, which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
The pigments that give red beets their incandescent hue are called betalains
. They're made using an amino acid called tyrosine, the starting material for thousands of compounds made by plants.
Moreover, beets contain phytonutrients known as betalains
- betanin and vulgaxanthin - which are effective in reducing inflammation and supplying the body with antioxidants.