betaine


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Related to betaine: taurine, betaine hydrochloride

betaine

 [be´tah-ēn]
the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.

be·ta·ine

(bē'tă-īn), Avoid the mispronunciation bē'tān.
1. An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.
2. A class of compounds related to betaine. (1) (that is, R3N+-CHR'-COO-), for example, glycine betaine.
Synonym(s): glycine betaine

betaine

(bē′tə-ēn′, -ĭn)
n.
1. A sweet-tasting crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, found in sugar beets and other plants, used to treat certain metabolic disorders, especially an enzyme defect that causes excessive levels of homocysteine in the blood and urine.
2. Any of several alkaloids with similar structures.

be·ta·ine

(bā'tă-ēn)
An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, issues regarding accurate dose and its serious adverse effects of betaine in pregnant and breast-feeding women can slow down the market.
Table II.- The contents of TMAO and betaine in Takifugu obscurus.
As shown by Table 1 that salinity stress has significantly reduced the growth and production of brassica but the exogenous application of proline and glycine betaine minimizes the effect of salinity.
Spearman correlation was used to examine the associations between choline, betaine, TMAO, and other laboratory measurements.
In the case of acute liver damage, betaine may increase at the expense of reduced synthesis of PtdC, and it led to invalid exportation of triglycerides to the blood and accumulation of lipid in the liver.
While the study concluded that supplementation with boswellia, betaine and myo-inosotol reduced fibroadenoma volume in young women, more high quality research is required.
excised leaf water retention, proline, sugar, glycine betaine, cell membrane stability and osmotic adjustment (Table 1).
The present study was conducted to investigate the proximate composition and the L-carnitine and betaine contents of meats from five lines of KIC, which are proposed as candidates for selection, to obtain potentially useful information for establishing selection strategies to develop a new chicken breed that can produce highly nutritious meat with health benefits from the bioactive compounds such as L-carnitine and betaine in meat.
The betaine market is segmented on the basis of application into food & beverages, animal feed, cosmetics, detergents, and others (including pharmaceuticals, and reagents).
This is the first report on such finding; it is hypothesized that the supplementary betaine may flourish the bacteria communities, including those which may help to break down the fiber content in the diets.
TechNavio's analysts forecast the Global Betaine market will grow at a CAGR of 5.05 percent over the period 2013-2018.
A higher intake of folate, choline, vitamin B2 and betaine was found to have the biggest effect.