betaine


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Related to betaine: taurine, betaine hydrochloride

betaine

 [be´tah-ēn]
the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.

be·ta·ine

(bē'tă-īn), Avoid the mispronunciation bē'tān.
1. An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.
2. A class of compounds related to betaine. (1) (that is, R3N+-CHR'-COO-), for example, glycine betaine.
Synonym(s): glycine betaine

betaine

/be·ta·ine/ (be´tah-ēn) the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.

betaine

(bē′tə-ēn′, -ĭn)
n.
1. A sweet-tasting crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, found in sugar beets and other plants, used to treat certain metabolic disorders, especially an enzyme defect that causes excessive levels of homocysteine in the blood and urine.
2. Any of several alkaloids with similar structures.

be·ta·ine

(bā'tă-ēn)
An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.

betaine

the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Betaine is made naturally as well as syntheticaly from a number of plants and animals (Boch et al.
Spearman correlation was used to examine the associations between choline, betaine, TMAO, and other laboratory measurements.
While the study concluded that supplementation with boswellia, betaine and myo-inosotol reduced fibroadenoma volume in young women, more high quality research is required.
Fresh shoot weight exhibited the highly significant positive correlation with various traits including; proline, sugar, glycine betaine and cell membrane stability while significant positive osmotic adjustment under drought stress.
L-Carnitine and betaine contents in meat samples were determined by the method of Li et al.
Such results were in parallel with our previous findings that betaine supplementation can be used to enhance the feed intake [13] although the FI of BET10 in the present study was significantly lower than the control.
The Global Betaine market can be divided based on application into the following segments: Feed Industry Applications, Food Industry Applications, and Other Industrial Applications.
coli and to demonstrate if exogenous betaine added to the NaCl medium counteracts deleterious effects of high-salt medium and stabilizes the cellular constituents.
Ithaca College's Exercise and Sport Sciences Chair, Thomas Swensen, who supervised the survey, said that betaine might contribute to creatine synthesis, which improves, strength, power and short-term performance, Newswise reported.
ORF1 (TMABaldehyde-DH), which encodes 496 amino acids also shares identity with betaine aldehyde dehydrgenase of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, TMABaldehyde-DH of rat liver (Fig.