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1. oxidation of the β-carbon (carbon 3) of a fatty acid, forming the β-keto (β-oxo) acid analogue; of importance in fatty acid catabolism;
2. the entire pathway for the catabolism of saturated fatty acids containing an even number of carbon atoms; beta-oxidation (1) is a part of this pathway; acetyl-CoA is a major product of this pathway.
The oxidative degradation of saturated fatty acids, occurring in a repeating cycle of steps in which a two-carbon unit is removed from the molecule during each cycle.
a catabolic process in which fatty acids are used by the body as a source of energy. The fatty acid molecules are converted through a series of intermediates into acetylcoenzyme A molecules, which then enter the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle along with metabolites of carbohydrates and proteins.