beta-oxidation


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Related to beta-oxidation: acetyl-coA, deamination

beta-ox·i·da·tion

, β-oxidation
1. oxidation of the β-carbon (carbon 3) of a fatty acid, forming the β-keto (β-oxo) acid analogue; of importance in fatty acid catabolism;
2. the entire pathway for the catabolism of saturated fatty acids containing an even number of carbon atoms; beta-oxidation (1) is a part of this pathway; acetyl-CoA is a major product of this pathway.

beta-oxidation

(bā′tə-ŏk′sĭ-dā′shən, bē′-)
n.
The oxidative degradation of saturated fatty acids, occurring in a repeating cycle of steps in which a two-carbon unit is removed from the molecule during each cycle.

beta-oxidation

The oxidative breakdown of fatty acids in the form of acyl-coA into acetyl-coA, by repeated oxidation at the beta-carbon atom, allowing them to participate in the citric acid cycle.
References in periodicals archive ?
Entry of long-chain fatty acids into mitochondria and fatty acid beta-oxidation. Initially, triglycerides are hydrolyzed into fatty acids and glycerol.
These FFAs can be oxidized by peroxisomal beta-oxidation or microsomal omega oxidation.
We speculate that exogenous administration of high doses of catecholamines might cause huge release of fatty acids, which travel to muscles, where they are oxidized to provide energy through the mitochondrial beta-oxidation pathway.
Approximately 300 new entries have been added to this fourth edition, including entries on beta-oxidation, cerebral nuclei, DNA fingerprinting, and rapid eye movement.
Induction of triglyceride accumulation in the liver of rats by perfluorinated fatty acids with different carbon chain lengths: comparison with induction of peroxisomal beta-oxidation. Biol Pharm Bull 26:47-51.
A function of peroxisomes is to manage the beta-oxidation of long chain fatty acids.
Evidence for intermediate channeling in mitochondrial beta-oxidation. J Biol Chem 1995;270:530-5.
This allows a shift in metabolism to increased lipid synthesis and decreased beta-oxidation. Decreased SCFAs promote fatty liver and hepatic insulin resistance (Higashimura, 2015).
Eaton, "Control of mitochondrial beta-oxidation flux," Progress in Lipid Research, vol.