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Related to beta cell: alpha cell
1. Any of the insulin-producing cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.
2. Any of the basophilic chromophil cells located in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
beta cellA pancreatic endocrine cell that comprises up to 80% of the cells in the islets of Langerhans, which produces and releases insulin. Beta cells are destroyed or dysfunctional in type-1 diabetes, function suboptimally in type-2 diabetes and become neoplastic in insulinomas. Beta cells were once distinguished solely on the basis of differential staining from other cells designated A, C and D
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. Any of the insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas that constitute the bulk of the islets of Langerhans. Synonym: B cell
2. A basophil cell of the adenohypophysis (anterior pituitary gland).
See also: cell
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners