benzyl alcohol


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alcohol

 [al´kah-hol]
1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (-OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two, or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric, or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two, or three OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. an official preparation of ethanol, used as a disinfectant, solvent, and preservative, and applied topically as a rubbing compound, disinfectant, astringent, hemostatic, and coolant.
absolute alcohol dehydrated a.
benzyl alcohol a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection and as a topical local anesthetic.
dehydrated alcohol an extremely hygroscopic, transparent, colorless, volatile liquid used as a solvent and injected into nerves and ganglia for relief of pain. Called also absolute a.
denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a disinfectant.
ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) ethanol.
isopropyl alcohol a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic; called also isopropanol. Diluted with water to approximately 70 per cent strength, it is called isopropyl rubbing alcohol and is used as a rubbing compound.
methyl alcohol methanol.
pantothenyl alcohol dexpanthenol.
phenethyl alcohol (phenylethyl alcohol) a colorless liquid used as an antimicrobial agent in pharmaceuticals.
rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol, used as a rubefacient.
wood alcohol methanol.

ben·zyl al·co·hol

possesses local anesthetic and bacteriostatic properties.

benzyl alcohol

[ben′zil]
a clear, colorless, oily liquid, derived from certain balsams, used as a topical anesthetic and as a bacteriostatic agent in solutions for injection. Also called phenyl carbinol, phenyl methanol.

benzyl

the hydrocarbon radical, C7H7.

benzyl alcohol
a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection, and also topically as a local anesthetic.
benzyl benzoate
a clear, oily liquid used as a topical scabicide and with dimercaprol as an antidote in metal poisoning. Toxic in cats.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hence, these catalysts are highly suitable for the manufacturing of benzaldehyde or a mixture of benzaldehyde and benzyl alcohol.
In addition, 4 bio-functional odorants were selected, namely, benzyl alcohol (odorant 7) (Hibbard et al.
Other chemicals are believed to be synthesised from nectar constituents inside the flower and comprise an array of alcohols, including several benzyl alcohols and ethyl alcohol (ethanol) (Ernst and Bast-Cammer 1980).
The clinical trials supporting benzyl alcohol lotion 5% (Ulesfia): A safe and effective topical treatment for head lice (pediculosis humanus capitis).
In a recent work, we reported an innovative procedure based on the preparation of titania nanoparticles suspended in benzyl alcohol and the mixing of this suspension with UV-curable cycloaliphatic epoxy resin [20].
The absence of Benzyl alcohol further minimizes the occurrence of taste or smell in potable water tanks during storage.
Faster than hydrocortisones, it contains benzyl alcohol and pramoxine HCl.
Mainstream varieties, whether dryer sheets or liquid, contain harmful chemicals like benzyl acetate (linked to pancreatic cancer), benzyl alcohol (an upper respiratory tract irritant), ethanol (linked to central nervous system disorders), limonene (a known carcinogen) and chloroform (a neurotoxin and carcinogen).
A number of side effects or product attributes that were potentially linked to a Polysorbate 80 (Tween 80) and benzyl alcohol co-solvent system included in the formulation to solubilize the active ingredient:
The reported high incidence of death of infants with kernicterus was isolated to specific care centers: Very high Bf/Bt ratios in affected infants indicated very poor binding, and the phenomenon of lethal kernicterus at low Bt concentrations largely disappeared after cessation of benzyl alcohol use as a preservative in multiple-dose vials or solutions for parenteral therapy (6).