benzyl alcohol

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1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (-OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two, or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric, or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two, or three OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. an official preparation of ethanol, used as a disinfectant, solvent, and preservative, and applied topically as a rubbing compound, disinfectant, astringent, hemostatic, and coolant.
absolute alcohol dehydrated a.
benzyl alcohol a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection and as a topical local anesthetic.
dehydrated alcohol an extremely hygroscopic, transparent, colorless, volatile liquid used as a solvent and injected into nerves and ganglia for relief of pain. Called also absolute a.
denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a disinfectant.
ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) ethanol.
isopropyl alcohol a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic; called also isopropanol. Diluted with water to approximately 70 per cent strength, it is called isopropyl rubbing alcohol and is used as a rubbing compound.
methyl alcohol methanol.
pantothenyl alcohol dexpanthenol.
phenethyl alcohol (phenylethyl alcohol) a colorless liquid used as an antimicrobial agent in pharmaceuticals.
rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol, used as a rubefacient.
wood alcohol methanol.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ben·zyl al·co·hol

possesses local anesthetic and bacteriostatic properties.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Benzaldehyde was obtained with Co-MCM-48 and a mixture of benzaldehyde and benzyl alcohol was obtained with CoMn-MCM-48.
Once the radiation model was validated with data reported in systems 1 and 2, this model was applied to simulate the radiation field in system 3 during benzyl alcohol selective oxidation towards benzaldehyde.
Microwave samples were synthesized using dibenzyl ether (Figure 3(a)) and benzyl alcohol (Figure 3(c)) as solvents (MwE8 and MwA8), while the samples prepared by thermal decomposition were obtained using dibenzyl ether (Figure 3(b)) and octadecene (Figure 3(d)) as solvents (TdE12 and TdO15).
Siddiqui, "Gold & silver nanoparticles supported on manganese oxide: synthesis, characterization and catalytic studies for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol," Arabian Journal of Chemistry, vol.
ENTRY Alcohol Conversion Yield Selectivity (c) [%] (c) [%] (c) [%] 1 (a) Benzyl alcohol 99 99 99.0 2 (a) 4-Chlorobenzyl 98 98 98.0 alcohol 3 (a) 4-Methoxylbenzyl 99 84.8 85.6 alcohol 4 (a) 4-Phenyl-2-butanol 99 95.1 96.1 5 (b) Benzyl alcohol 99 96.9 97.8 6 (b) 4-Chlorobenzyl 99 83.1 84.0 alcohol 7 (b) 4-Methoxylbenzyl 99 99 99.0 alcohol (a) Alcohol (1 mmol) in DCM, potassium bromide solution (1.0 M, 1 mL), 4-methoxyacetophenone (208.0 mg, internal standard), and TEMPO-MNPs (150 mg) were added to a round-bottom flask.
Synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2-(1H)-ones (DHPM) by Conventional method: - Bi(NO3)3.5H2O (0.63 g) was added to the solution of benzyl alcohol ( 0.1 g, 0.97 mmol ) in acetonitrile (2.0 ml) and mixture was refluxed for 6 hrs with stirring.
Other chemicals are believed to be synthesised from nectar constituents inside the flower and comprise an array of alcohols, including several benzyl alcohols and ethyl alcohol (ethanol) (Ernst and Bast-Cammer 1980).
This drug is indicated for children 6 months and older, and is to be avoided in infants younger than 6 months because it contains benzyl alcohol; studies with children 6 months of age and above indicate there is no systemic absorption of active ingredients (ParaPRO, 2015).
In a recent work, we reported an innovative procedure based on the preparation of titania nanoparticles suspended in benzyl alcohol and the mixing of this suspension with UV-curable cycloaliphatic epoxy resin [20].
Kurtca, "Synthesis, structural characterization, and benzyl alcohol oxidation activity of mononuclear manganese(II) complex with 2,2,-bipyridine: [Mn[(bipy).sub.2][(Cl[O.sub.4]).sub.2]]," Turkish Journal of Chemistry, vol.
Mainstream varieties, whether dryer sheets or liquid, contain harmful chemicals like benzyl acetate (linked to pancreatic cancer), benzyl alcohol (an upper respiratory tract irritant), ethanol (linked to central nervous system disorders), limonene (a known carcinogen) and chloroform (a neurotoxin and carcinogen).
* Captisol replaced Polysorbate 80 and Benzyl alcohol in full, thereby alleviating blood pressure changes and other negative product attributes from the co-solvent