benzene


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to benzene: Ethylbenzene, benzene poisoning

benzene

 [ben´zēn]
a liquid hydrocarbon, C6H6, obtained mainly as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of coal, used as a solvent. It is irritant, toxic, and carcinogenic.
benzene hexachloride (BHC) a chlorinated hydrocarbon; one isomer, gamma benzene hexachloride (lindane) is used as an insecticide, to kill lice.

ben·zene

(ben'zēn), Do not confuse this word with benzine.
The basic six-carbon ring structure in most aromatic compounds; a highly toxic hydrocarbon from light coal tar oil; used as a solvent.
Synonym(s): benzol, coal tar naphtha
[benzoin, + -ene]

benzene

/ben·zene/ (ben´zēn) a liquid hydrocarbon, C6H6, from coal tar; used as a solvent. It is toxic by transdermal absorption, ingestion, or inhalation; chronic exposure may cause bone marrow depression and aplasia and leukemia.
benzene hexachloride  (BHC) a chlorinated hydrocarbon, C6H6Cl6, having numerous isomers; the gamma isomer is lindane.

benzene

(bĕn′zēn′, bĕn-zēn′)
n.
A colorless, flammable, toxic, liquid aromatic hydrocarbon, C6H6, derived from petroleum and used in or to manufacture a wide variety of chemical products, including DDT, detergents, insecticides, and motor fuels. Also called benzol.

benzene

[ben′zēn]
a colorless, highly flammable liquid hydrocarbon (C6H6) originally derived by fractional distillation of coal tar. It is now derived by catalytic reforming during petroleum refining. The prototypical aromatic compound, it is used in the production of various organic compounds, including pharmaceuticals.

benzene

A volatile, flammable hydrocarbon by-product of destructive coal distillation, which is present in coal tar; it is the simplest aromatic compound. Benzene is an organic solvent, and is both toxic—in particular to mucocutaneous surfaces—and carcinogenic; chronic exposure to benzene is linked to bone marrow depression, aplastic anaemia, and acute myelogenous leukaemia, one-fourth of which are preceded by pancytopenia and/or peripheral neuropathies.

Benzene

A colorless volatile flammable toxic liquid hydrocarbon used as a solvent and as a motor fuel.
Mentioned in: Myelofibrosis

benzene

a liquid hydrocarbon, C6H6, from coal tar; used as a solvent.

benzene hexachloride
a chlorinated hydrocarbon. The gamma isomer was used extensively as an insecticide. Called also Gammexane, lindane.
benzene hexachloride poisoning
benzene ring
the closed hexagon of carbon atoms in benzene, from which the different benzene compounds are derived by replacement of the hydrogen atoms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Short-term, high benzene readings are not actionable, and do not require investigation or response," Valero declared in an (https://www.
Thus, the guiding question of this article is: did the legal restrictions imposed on exposure to benzene in Brazil have an influence on the prevention of health risks arising from exposure to this substance in the country?
When it comes to water, a bigger challenge is when benzene gets trapped in groundwater.
The EPA launched the 'Gasoline Benzene Program' in January, 2011.
Understand the market positioning of the country's Benzene producers
A number of studies have been conducted in the past to find out the effect of benzene on humans.
The benzene exposure database consisted of short-term area air measurements (n = 70,937) that were collected as part of health and safety inspections from factories in Shanghai that fell under the Shanghai Centers for Disease Control (CDC) inspection program.
The study also revealed few peaks in the benzene level during heavy traffic and these values were higher than the limiting value of 1.
drenched the counter with benzene as well as sprinkled it in the direction of the cashiers before he threatened to set the place on fire after demanding money.
ISLAMABAD -- A new study has found that hookah smoke contains toxic benzene, which has been previously linked to an increased risk for leukaemia.
TEHRAN (FNA)- A senior official of the Department of the Environment (DOE) said that the gasoline distributed in Tehran contains less than one-percent benzene.