benzene


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Related to benzene: Ethylbenzene, benzene poisoning

benzene

 [ben´zēn]
a liquid hydrocarbon, C6H6, obtained mainly as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of coal, used as a solvent. It is irritant, toxic, and carcinogenic.
benzene hexachloride (BHC) a chlorinated hydrocarbon; one isomer, gamma benzene hexachloride (lindane) is used as an insecticide, to kill lice.

ben·zene

(ben'zēn), Do not confuse this word with benzine.
The basic six-carbon ring structure in most aromatic compounds; a highly toxic hydrocarbon from light coal tar oil; used as a solvent.
Synonym(s): benzol, coal tar naphtha
[benzoin, + -ene]

benzene

(bĕn′zēn′, bĕn-zēn′)
n.
A colorless, flammable, toxic, liquid aromatic hydrocarbon, C6H6, derived from petroleum and used in or to manufacture a wide variety of chemical products, including DDT, detergents, insecticides, and motor fuels. Also called benzol.

benzene

A volatile, flammable hydrocarbon by-product of destructive coal distillation, which is present in coal tar; it is the simplest aromatic compound. Benzene is an organic solvent, and is both toxic—in particular to mucocutaneous surfaces—and carcinogenic; chronic exposure to benzene is linked to bone marrow depression, aplastic anaemia, and acute myelogenous leukaemia, one-fourth of which are preceded by pancytopenia and/or peripheral neuropathies.

Benzene

A colorless volatile flammable toxic liquid hydrocarbon used as a solvent and as a motor fuel.
Mentioned in: Myelofibrosis
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: A straightforward and effective procedure for the preparation of 1,4- bis (triphenylphosphonium) butane cerium nitrate (BTPBCN) and its application as a selective oxidizing agent for oxidation of alkyl-substituted benzenes to their relating acylbenzenes in very good to high yields is reported.
The EPA launched the 'Gasoline Benzene Program' in January, 2011.
A number of studies have been conducted in the past to find out the effect of benzene on humans.
All other jobs were classified as unexposed and assigned a benzene exposure level of zero (Friesen et al.
How has the global benzene market performed so far and how will it perform in the coming years?
"The well-documented harmful effects of benzene, which is also a known carcinogen, makes banning it in children's toys a no-brainer," he pointed out.
"Despite a continuous effort to purify the groundwater, the benzene levels greatly still exceed the acceptable level and oil floats on the surface of water because toxic substances leaked in the military base in the past are still there," the city official said.
Benzene at the Atyrau refinery is produced at the catalytic reformer - CCR, which is part of the complex for the production of aromatic hydrocarbons.
Then, the potential of the functionalized CNTs in the detection of benzene gas compared to the pristine CNTs and the effect of functionalization were studied by observing the changes in the resistivity of CNTs when exposed to benzene gas.
The sensor responses of EC/ MWCNTs, EC/A-MWCNTs, and EC/P-MWCNTs to benzene vapor was experimentally examined by tracking temporary changes in electrical resistance with respect to elapsed time.
It should be noted that there are multiple routes of exposure to benzene, including inhaling cigarette smoke, filling your car's gas tank, driving, and drinking benzene-contaminated water.
It shows a more nuanced picture than the one given by the EPA: in numerous locations, benzene levels, though under the Texas threshold of 180 ppb, far exceeded California's guideline, which is 23 times more stringent and is well-respected by health advocates nationwide.