benthos


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benthos

(bĕn′thŏs′)
n.
The collection of organisms living on or in the bottom of a body of water.

ben′thic (-thĭk), ben·thon′ic (bĕn-thŏn′ĭk) adj.

benthos

the organisms that live on the bed of the sea or a lake, ranging from the high-water mark to the deepest trenches. Benthic organisms are subdivided into littoral (to 40 m deep), sublittoral (41–200 m), bathyal (200–4000 m), abyssal (4001–6000 m) and hadal (>6000 m). See SEA ZONATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rocks in deep water, however, with little or no light, are dominated by suspensivores that incorporate organic material suspended in the water into the benthos.
For example, the size distribution of benthos may reflect the availability and organization of habitat structures (Mittelbach 1981a, Lodge et al.
Specified turnover rates ([PT.sub.i]) and equilibrium densities of zooplankton, benthos, and forage fish are set to values typical for Oneida Lake.
On living in cold water: K-strategies in Antarctic benthos. Mar.
The relative characteristics of the benthos in the two study areas is assumed to be indicative of the environmental conditions present.
3) Unanswered questions concerning organic energy or contaminant flux, between benthos and fisheries and protected species, must be addressed.
The biennial study (autumn campaign 2019, Spring campaign and autumn campaign 2020) of the protected species benthos and fish on the basis of the standard investigation concept (stuk4) is advertised here.
1998), zoologists and biologists from Museum of Victoria (now Museums Victoria) and Deakin University were allocated 48 hours for sampling the benthos of Prydz Bay (Bardsley 1997; Quilty 1997).
locality, depth, distance from the shore, river proximity and local oceanographic features appeared important for determining benthos distribution patterns.
We assessed benthos availability, sculpin diets and prey selectivity in streams with native and introduced populations of slimy sculpin, as well as benthos availability in streams where sculpin may be reintroduced in the future.