benthos

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Related to benthonic: planktonic, Benthic zone, nektonic

benthos

(bĕn′thŏs′)
n.
The collection of organisms living on or in the bottom of a body of water.

ben′thic (-thĭk), ben·thon′ic (bĕn-thŏn′ĭk) adj.

benthos

the organisms that live on the bed of the sea or a lake, ranging from the high-water mark to the deepest trenches. Benthic organisms are subdivided into littoral (to 40 m deep), sublittoral (41–200 m), bathyal (200–4000 m), abyssal (4001–6000 m) and hadal (>6000 m). See SEA ZONATION.

benthos

bottom of the sea or other body of water; said of cyanobacteria which grow on submerged rocks in alpine lakes and cause sudden death in cattle at pasture during summer months.
References in periodicals archive ?
Both the planktonic and benthonic foraminifera have recorded rapid evolution, making one of the favorite fossil group for biostratigraphic dating of marine sediments (Berggren et al.
Total five Genera and eight age diagnostic species of large benthonic foraminifera have been identified in studied sections which includes Miscellanea miscella(d' ARCHIAC andHAIME),Operculina salsaDAVIES andPINFOLD,OperculinapatalensisDAVIES andPINFOLD, Lockhartiahaimei(DAVIES),AssilinasubspinosaDAVIE S andPINFOLD,LockhartiaconditiNUTTALL, DiscocyclinaranikotensisDAVIES, Ranikothaliasindensis(DAVIES)andLockhartiatipperi( DAVIES).
Application of large benthonic foraminifera as a tool for interpretation of paleoclimate and water depth, in the Ziyarat Formation, Alborz, Iran.
A preliminary account of benthonic and planktonic foraminifera in Baffin Bay, Davis Strait and the Labrador Sea.
The benthonic opisthobranch species reported for Northern Peru are presented here.
Grainstone containing bivalves, red algae, and benthonic foraminifers.
Spatial occupation and spatio-temporal by benthonic macroinvetebrates in Riberao river, Paranagua, PR (Brazil).
In First International Symposium on Benthonic Foraminifera of Continental Margins, Part B: Paleoecology and Biostratigraphy.
Habit E, Bertran C, Arevalo S, Victoriano P (1998) Benthonic fauna of Itata River and irrigation canals (Chile).
Various chemical fractions of some benthonic invertebrates, such as the social ascidian Ecteinascidia turbinata, present in the Mediter-ranean and tropical Atlantic, have given good results, in tests in vivo, against sarcoma 180.
The major fossil-producing organisms for this type of research have been the foraminifera, single-celled animals with planktonic (floating) and benthonic (bottom-dwelling) varieties.
The applications of the Genome Sequencer FLX System in Barcelona will be many-fold, extending from the identification of strategies for improving aquaculture production by biotech tools to studies about the vulnerability of benthonic populations using molecular tools.