benign prostatic hypertrophy
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increase in volume of a tissue or organ produced entirely by enlargement of existing cells. See also hyperplasia and proliferation. adj., adj hypertro´phic.
asymmetrical septal hypertrophy
benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) age-associated enlargement of the prostate resulting from proliferation of glandular and stromal elements, beginning generally in the fifth decade of life; it may cause urethral compression and obstruction. Called also benign prostatic hyperplasia and nodular hyperplasia of the prostate.
cardiac hypertrophy enlargement of myocardial cells and hyperplasia of nonmuscular cardiac components due to pressure and volume overload and sometimes to neurohumoral factors.
compensatory hypertrophy that which results from an increased workload due to some physical defect, such as in an organ where one part is defective, or in one kidney when the other is absent or nonfunctional.
functional hypertrophy hypertrophy of an organ or part caused by its increased activity.
ventricular hypertrophy hypertrophy of the myocardium of a ventricle, due to chronic pressure overload; it is manifest electrocardiographically by increased QRS complex voltage, frequently accompanied by repolarization changes.
be·nign pros·tat·ic hy·per·tro·phy
erroneous term; mistakenly used as a synonym of nodular hyperplasia of prostate.
benign prostatic hyperplasiaBenign enlargement of the prostate, which is normal after age 50 and secondary to androgen and related hormones; BPH pushes against the urethra, blocking urine flow.
Bladder-outlet obstruction, seen in 50% of men ≥ age 60; excess enlargement may obstruct the urethra, causing urinary retention; 30+% require surgery.
benign prostatic hypertrophyBenign prostatic hyperplasia Urology A benign enlargement of the prostate, which is normal after age 50, 2º to ♂ hormones; BPH pushes against the urethra and the bladder, blocking urine flow Clinical Bladder-outlet obstruction, seen in 50% of ♂ ≥ age 60; excess enlargement may obstruct the urethra, causing urinary retention; 30+% require surgery. See Finasteride, TURP, Urinary retention.
be·nign pros·tat·ic hy·per·tro·phy(BPH) (bē-nīn pros-tatik hī-pĕrtrŏ-fē)
Erroneous term; mistakenly used as a synonym of nodular hyperplasia of prostate
Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
Benign prostatic hypertrophy is an enlargement of the prostate that is not cancerous. However, it may cause problems with urinating or other symptoms.
Mentioned in: Prostate Ultrasound